church


church
church O.E. cirice "church, public place of worship, Christians collectively," from W.Gmc. *kirika (Cf. O.S. kirika, O.N. kirkja, O.Fris. zerke, M.Du. kerke, O.H.G. kirihha, Ger. Kirche), from Gk. kyriake (oikia), kyriakon doma "Lord's (house)," from kyrios "ruler, lord," from PIE root *keue- "to swell" ("swollen," hence "strong, powerful"). Phonetic spelling from c.1200, established by 16c. For vowel evolution, see BURY (Cf. bury).
Gk. kyriakon (adj.) "of the Lord" was used of houses of Christian worship since c.300, especially in the East, though it was less common in this sense than ekklesia or basilike. An example of the direct Greek-to-Germanic progress of many Christian words, via the Goths; it was probably used by West Germanic people in their pre-Christian period. Also picked up by Slavic, via Germanic (Cf. O.Slav. criky, Rus. cerkov). Romance and Celtic languages use variants of L. ecclesia. French église (11c.) is from L. ecclesia. Church key is early 14c.; slang use for "can or bottle opener" is by 1954, probably originally U.S. college student slang. Church-mouse, proverbial in many languages for its poverty, is 1731 in English.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Church — (ch[^u]rch), n. [OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha; all fr. Gr. kyriako n the Lord s house, fr. kyriako s concerning a master or lord …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Church — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert T. Church, Vize Admiral der US Navy Alonzo Church (1903–1995), US amerikanischer Mathematiker Arthur Herbert Church (1834–1915), britischer Autor, Maler und Chemiker Benjamin Church, General der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church — may refer to: Contents 1 Religion 2 People 3 Places 4 Popular music 5 Other uses …   Wikipedia

  • church — [ tʃɜrtʃ ] noun *** count or uncount a building that Christians go to in order to worship. Traditional churches usually contain an altar and long wooden seats facing the altar called pews. The place where the priest or MINISTER stands to talk to… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Church — (iglesia en inglés) puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 2 Toponimia 3 Música 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • CHURCH (A.) — CHURCH ALONZO (1903 ) Mathématicien et logicien, philosophe et historien de la logique, Alonzo Church est né à Washington. Professeur de mathématiques à l’université de Princeton, directeur du Journal of Symbolic Logic , il est selon Kneale «le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • church — W1S1 [tʃə:tʃ US tʃə:rtʃ] n [: Old English; Origin: cirice, from Late Greek kyriakon, from Greek kyriakos of the lord , from kyrios lord, master ] 1.) a building where Christians go to worship →↑cathedral ▪ a short church service ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • church|y — «CHUR chee», adjective, church|i|er, church|i|est. 1. having to do with or suggestive of a church or the church: »The British House of Lords is as churchy an institution as St. Peter s in Rome (Time) …   Useful english dictionary

  • CHURCH (F. E.) — CHURCH FREDERIC EDWIN (1826 1900) Peintre américain dont l’œuvre constitue l’expression la plus originale et la plus complète du romantisme dans la peinture américaine. Church a le paysage pour domaine. Élève de Thomas Cole entre 1844 et 1846, il …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • church|ly — «CHURCH lee», adjective. 1. of or having to do with a church; ecclesiastical. 2. suitable for a church. –church´li|ness, noun …   Useful english dictionary


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