capital

{{11}}capital (adj.) early 13c., from L. capitalis "of the head," hence "capital, chief, first," from caput (gen. capitis) "head" (see HEAD (Cf. head)). A capital crime (1520s) is one that affects the life or "head;" capital had a sense of "deadly, mortal" from late 14c. in English, a sense also found in Latin. The connection between "head" and "life, mortality" also existed in O.E.: e.g. heafodgilt "deadly sin, capital offense," heafdes þolian "to forfeit life." Capital punishment was in Blackstone (1765). Capital gain is recorded from 1921. Capital goods is recorded from 1899. Of ships, "first-rate, of the line," attested from 1650s. Related: Capitally.
{{12}}capital (n.) early 15c., "a capital letter," from CAPITAL (Cf. capital) (adj.). The meaning "capital city" is first recorded 1660s (the O.E. word was heafodstol). The financial sense (1610s) is from L.L. capitale "stock, property," neut. of capitalis.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • CAPITAL — La profusion des significations du terme «capital» dans l’ensemble de la littérature économique constituerait pour les linguistes un excellent exemple du peu d’aptitude de tout mot à contenir à la fois le général (ou l’essentiel) et le spécifique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • capital — cap·i·tal 1 adj [Latin capitalis, from caput head, a person s life (as forfeit)] 1 a: punishable by death capital murder b: involving execution a capital case 2 [Medieval Latin capitalis chief, principal, from Latin …   Law dictionary

  • capital — capital, ale (ka pi tal, ta l ) adj. 1°   Où il s agit de la tête ou de la vie ; qui mérite le dernier supplice. Procès capital. Intenter une accusation capitale. Condamner quelqu un à la peine capitale. •   Et Cinna vous impute à crime capital… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • capital — cap i*tal (k[a^]p [i^]*tal), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See {chief}, and cf. {cattle}, {chattel}, {chapiter}, {chapter}.] 1. (Arch.) The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital G — «Capital G» Сингл Nine Inch Nails из ал …   Википедия

  • Capital — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término capital (del latín caput, cabeza) puede referirse a los siguientes conceptos: En derecho y finanzas, el capital es una cantidad de dinero que se presta o se impone, de la cual se distingue el interés… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capital — Cap i*tal, a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See {Chief}, and cf. {Capital}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital — Beschreibung Wirtschaftszeitschrift Sprache Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capital — adjetivo 1. (antepuesto / pospuesto) Que tiene mucha importancia: error capital. Este asunto tiene un interés capital para mí. Tu opinión es de capital importancia para todos nosotros. pecado* capital. pena* capital. adjetivo,sustantivo femenino… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • capital — (Del lat. capitālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a la cabeza. 2. En la doctrina cristiana, se dice de los siete pecados o vicios que son cabeza u origen de otros; como la soberbia. 3. Dicho de una población: Principal y cabeza de un Estado …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Capital.fr — Capital (mensuel) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Capital (homonymie).   …   Wikipédia en Français

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