bust

{{11}}bust (1) 1690s, "sculpture of upper torso and head," from Fr. buste (16c.), from It. busto "upper body," from L. bustum "funeral monument, tomb," originally "funeral pyre, place where corpses are burned," perhaps shortened from ambustum, neut. of ambustus "burned around," pp. of amburere "burn around, scorch," from ambi- "around" + urere "to burn." Or perhaps from O.Latin boro, the early form of classical L. uro "to burn." Sense development in Italian is probably from Etruscan custom of keeping dead person's ashes in an urn shaped like the person when alive. Meaning "bosom" is 1819.
{{12}}bust (2) variant of BURST (Cf. burst), 1764, Amer.Eng. The verb sense of "to burst" is first attested 1806; the slang meaning "demote" (especially in a military sense) is from 1918; that of "arrest" is from 1953 (earlier "to raid" from Prohibition). Originally "frolic, spree;" sense of "sudden failure" is from 1842. Phrase ______ or bust as an emphatic expression attested by 1851 in British depictions of Western U.S. dialect. Probably from earlier expression bust (one's) boiler, by late 1840s, a reference to steamboat boilers exploding when driven too hard.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bust — Bust …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bust — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bust Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • bust-up — ˈbust up noun [countable] 1. when a unit such as a company or department is broken into parts 2. JOURNALISM when people disagree strongly: • a boardroom bust up, when the chief executive walked out after six weeks in the job * * * bust up UK US… …   Financial and business terms

  • bust-up — n informal 1.) the end of a relationship bust up of ▪ the bust up of their marriage →bust up at ↑bust1 2.) BrE a very bad quarrel or fight ▪ Cathy and I had a real bust up yesterday …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • bust-up — bust ups 1) N COUNT A bust up is a serious quarrel, often resulting in the end of a relationship. [INFORMAL] She had had this bust up with her family. Syn: row 2) N COUNT A bust up is a fight. [BRIT, INFORMAL] ...a bust up which she says left her …   English dictionary

  • bust — [n1] chest of human bosom, breast, chest, front; concept 392 bust [n2] arrest for illegal action apprehension, arrest, capture, cop, detention, nab, pickup, pinch, raid, search, seizure; concepts 298,317 Ant. exoneration bust [v1] …   New thesaurus

  • bust — ust (b[u^]st), v. i. 1. To break or burst. [informal] [PJC] 2. (Card Playing) In blackjack, to draw a card that causes one s total to exceed twenty one. [PJC] 3. To go bankrupt. [PJC] {to go bust} to go bankrupt. {or bust} or collapse from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bust — may refer to: * Bust (sculpture), a sculpture depicting a person s head and shoulders * Bust (magazine), a feminist pop culture magazine * An alternative term for an arrest. * An alternative term for human breasts. * A song by Outkast from… …   Wikipedia

  • bust — Ⅰ. bust [1] ► NOUN 1) a woman s breasts. 2) a sculpture of a person s head, shoulders, and chest. ORIGIN French buste, from Latin bustum tomb, sepulchral monument . Ⅱ. bust [2] informal …   English terms dictionary

  • bust — bust1 [bust] n. [Fr buste < It busto] 1. a piece of sculpture representing the head, shoulders, and upper chest of a human body 2. the human bosom; esp., the breasts of a woman SYN. BREAST bust2 [bust] Informal vt. [orig., dial. var. of …   English World dictionary

  • bust|ed — «BUHS tihd», adjective. 1. Slang. broken. 2. Informal. ruined; bankrupt. busted, combining form. having a bust: »Full busted = having a full bust …   Useful english dictionary

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