brake

{{11}}brake (n.1) mid-15c., from O.Du. braeke "flax brake," from breken "to break" (see BREAK (Cf. break) (v.)). The word was applied to many crushing implements, and the ring through the nose of a draught ox. It was influenced in sense by O.Fr. brac, a form of bras "an arm," thus "a lever or handle," which was being used in English from late 14c., and applied to "a bridle or curb" from early 15c. One or the other or both took up the main modern meaning of "stopping device for a wheel," first attested 1772.
{{12}}brake (n.2) kind of fern, early 14c.; see BRACKEN (Cf. bracken).
{{12}}brake (v.) "to apply a brake to a wheel," 1868, from BRAKE (Cf. brake) (n.1). Earlier, "to beat flax" (late 14c.). Related: Braked; braking.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
(Pteris aquilina) / , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brake — (br[=a]k), n. [OE. brake; cf. LG. brake an instrument for breaking flax, G. breche, fr. the root of E. break. See Break, v. t., and cf. {Breach}.] 1. An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part of flax or hemp so that it may be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brake — ist der Name folgender Orte, Seen und Schlösser in Deutschland: Auf der Brake, Hofschaft in Halver, Nordrhein Westfalen Brake bei Sulingen, Ortsteil der Gemeinde Mellinghausen im Landkreis Diepholz, Niedersachsen Brake (Bielefeld), Stadtteil der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brake — (France) Création 1992 Forme juridique société par actions simplifiée Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • brake — brake1 [brāk] n. [ME; prob. taken as sing. of BRACKEN] any of a genus (Pteris) of coarse tropical ferns (family Polypodiaceae) used commonly as a houseplant: see BRACKEN brake2 [brāk] n. [ME < MLowG brake or ODu braeke, flax brake < breken …   English World dictionary

  • Brake — Brake, n. [OE. brake fern; cf. AS. bracce fern, LG. brake willow bush, Da. bregne fern, G. brach fallow; prob. orig. the growth on rough, broken ground, fr. the root of E. break. See {Break}, v. t., cf. {Bracken}, and 2d {Brake}, n.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brake — brake; brake·less; brake·man; cane·brake; para·brake; bar·ley·brake; …   English syllables

  • Brake — (br[=a]k), imp. of {Break}. [Arhaic] Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brake — [n] stopping device; check anchor, binders, cinchers, constraint, control, curb, damper, deterrent, discouragement, hamper, hindrance, hurdle, obstacle, rein, restraint, retarding device; concepts 130,463 Ant. accelerator brake [v] check; stop… …   New thesaurus

  • brake — ► NOUN ▪ a device for slowing or stopping a moving vehicle. ► VERB ▪ slow or stop a vehicle with a brake. ORIGIN of unknown origin …   English terms dictionary

  • Brake — Brake. См. Бракета. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Brake [1] — Brake, die Beschauung der zur Ausfuhr bestimmten Waaren, s.u. Schauanstalten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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