bogey

{{11}}bogey (n.1) World War II aviator slang for "unidentified aircraft, presumably hostile," probably ultimately from bogge, a variant of M.E. bugge "a frightening specter" (see BUG (Cf. bug)). Thus it shares ancestry with many dialect words, such as bog/bogge (attested 16c.-17c.), bogeyman (16c.), boggart "specter that haunts a gloomy spot" (c.1570, in Westmoreland, Lancashire, Cheshire, and Yorkshire). The earliest modern form appears to be Scottish bogle "ghost," attested from c.1500 and popularized c.1800 in English literature by Scott, Burns, etc.
{{12}}bogey (n.2) in golfing, c.1891, originally "number of strokes a good player is supposed to need for a given hole or course;" later, "score one over par" (1946); from the same source as BOGEY (Cf. bogey) (n.1), on the notion of a "phantom" opponent, represented by the "ground score." The word was in vogue at the time in Britain because of the popularity of the music hall tune "Hush, Hush, Hush, Here Comes the Bogey Man."
One popular song at least has left its permanent effect on the game of golf. That song is 'The Bogey Man.' In 1890 Dr. Thos. Browne, R.N., the hon. secretary of the Great Yarmouth Club, was playing against a Major Wellman, the match being against the 'ground score,' which was the name given to the scratch value of each hole. The system of playing against the 'ground score' was new to Major Wellman, and he exclaimed, thinking of the song of the moment, that his mysterious and well-nigh invincible opponent was a regular 'bogey-man.' The name 'caught on' at Great Yarmouth, and to-day 'Bogey' is one of the most feared opponents on all the courses that acknowledge him. [1908, cited in OED]
As a verb, attested by 1948.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Bogey — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bogey Primera edición 1980 Última edición 1991 Editorial Norma Editorial Tradición española Género policíaco Guionista(s) Antonio Segura …   Wikipedia Español

  • bogey — (also spelt bogie) is a borrowing into Australian English from Dharuk, the Aboriginal language of the Sydney region, where it meant to bathe or swim . The earliest records show the term being used in the pidgin English of Aborigines: 1788… …   Australian idioms

  • bogey — Ⅰ. bogey [1] Golf ► NOUN (pl. bogeys) ▪ a score of one stroke over par at a hole. ► VERB (bogeys, bogeyed) ▪ play (a hole) in one stroke over par. ORIGIN perhaps from Bogey …   English terms dictionary

  • Bogey — or Bogie may refer to:* Hobgoblin, a friendly or amusing goblin ** Boggart, a household spirit which causes things to disappear, milk to sour, and dogs to go lame * Bogeyman, boogeyman , boogyman , or bogyman , a legendary ghost like monster with …   Wikipedia

  • Bogey — Bo gey, n.; pl. {Bogeys}. [Also {bogie} and {bogy}, plural {bogies}.] 1. A goblin; a bugbear. Syn: bogeyman. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] I have become a sort of bogey a kill joy. Wm. Black. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (Golf) a score one stroke over par… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bogey — bogey, bogie, bogy The latest editions of the Oxford dictionaries prefer bogey for the golfing term and the mischievous spirit, and bogie for the railway term. Bogy is classed as a variant of bogey in the second meaning. To complete the picture,… …   Modern English usage

  • bogey — ● bogey ou bogée nom masculin (anglais bogey) Au golf, score sur un trou qui égale le par plus un. bogey n. m. SPORT Au golf, nombre de coups que réalise un joueur de bon niveau sur un parcours …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bogey — [bō′gē; ] for 1, usually [ boog′ē] n. pl. bogeys 1. BOGY1 2. [after Col. Bogey (named from a popular music hall refrain), imaginary partner assumed to play a first rate game] Golf a) par, esp. for an average player: a former meaning b) …   English World dictionary

  • bogey — (ingl.; pronunc. [bógui]; pl. «bogeys») m. Dep. En *golf, jugada en que se mete la pelota en el hoyo con un golpe más de los fijados en el par …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bogey — [[t]bo͟ʊgi[/t]] bogeys (The spelling bogy and the plural form bogies are also used.) 1) N COUNT: usu with supp A bogey is something or someone that people are worried about, perhaps without much cause or reason. The universal bogey is AIDS... Age …   English dictionary

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