bergamot


bergamot
bergamot type of citrus tree, also its fruit, both similar to bitter orange, and the essence prepared from the oil of the rind of the fruit, 1690s, from Fr. bergamote (17c.), from It. bergamotta, named for Bergamo, town in Italy. The name is Roman Bergamum, from a Celtic or Ligurian berg "mountain," cognate with the identical Germanic word. Earlier (1610s) as a kind of pear deemed especially luscious, in this sense ultimately a Romanic folk-etymologization from Turkish beg-armudi "prince's pear" or "prince of pears," influenced in form by the other word, but probably not from it (the town is on the opposite end of the peninsula from where the pear grows). Also used of garden plants of the mint order with a smell like that of oil of bergamot.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Bergamot — Ber ga*mot (b[ e]r g[.a]*m[o^]t), n. [F. bergamote, fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg arm[=u]di a lord s pear.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree of the Orange family ({Citrus bergamia}), having a roundish or pear shaped fruit, from the rind …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bergamot — may refer to: *Bergamot orange, a citrus fruit used in Earl Grey tea *HMS Bergamot , one of two ships of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom * Monarda didyma , a herbee also* Mentha citrata *Bergamot Station …   Wikipedia

  • bergamot — BERGAMÓT, Ă adj. v. pergamut. Trimis de cata, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  bergamót/pergamút adj. m., pl. bergamóţi/pergamúţi; f. sg. bergamótă/pergamútă, pl. bergamóte/pergamúte …   Dicționar Român

  • Bergamot — A cheap tapestry fabric from Italy, with a cotton or flax warp and goat s hair weft, or mixed weft. The mixed weft is ox or goat s hair and cotton or hemp. The fabric is used locally and was first produced at Bergamo, Italy, hence the name …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • bergamot — ► NOUN 1) an oily substance extracted from a variety of Seville orange, used as flavouring in Earl Grey tea. 2) an aromatic herb of the mint family. ORIGIN named after Bergamo in northern Italy …   English terms dictionary

  • bergamot — [bʉr′gə mät΄] n. [Fr bergamote < It bergamotta < Turk beg armûdī, prince s pear (< beg,BEY + armūdi, pear); form infl. by BERGAMO] 1. a small evergreen tree (Citrus bergamia) of the rue family, grown in S Europe 2. its pear shaped,… …   English World dictionary

  • bergamot — /berr geuh mot , meuht/, n. 1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil. 2. Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself. 3. any of various plants of the mint… …   Universalium

  • bergamot — I. /ˈbɜgəmɒt/ (say berguhmot) noun 1. a small tree of the citrus family, Citrus bergamia, the rind of whose fruit yields a fragrant essential oil (essence of bergamot). 2. the oil or essence itself. 3. any of various plants of the mint family, as …   Australian English dictionary

  • bergamot — A type of orange tree grown in Italy. The essential oil from the peel of this orange is used in perfume, to get rid of insects, and to flavor tea. Bergamot oil is also used in aromatherapy for depression, anxiety, and poor digestion. The… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • bergamot — noun Etymology: French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, modification of Turkish bey armudu, literally, the bey s pear Date: 1650 1. a pear shaped orange of a Mediterranean tree (Citrus aurantium bergamia) having a rind that yields an essential …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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