bank

{{11}}bank (n.1) "financial institution," late 15c., from either O.It. banca or M.Fr. banque (itself from the Italian word), both meaning "table" (the notion is of the moneylender's exchange table), from a Germanic source (Cf. O.H.G. bank "bench"); see BANK (Cf. bank) (2). The verb meaning "to put confidence in" (U.S. colloquial) is attested from 1884. Bank holiday is from 1871, though the tradition is as old as the Bank of England. To cry all the way to the bank was coined 1956 by flamboyant pianist Liberace, after a Madison Square Garden concert that was packed with patrons but panned by critics.
{{12}}bank (n.2) "earthen incline, edge of a river," c.1200, probably in O.E. but not attested in surviving documents, from a Scandinavian source such as O.N. banki, O.Dan. banke "sandbank," from P.Gmc. *bangkon "slope," cognate with *bankiz "shelf" (see BENCH (Cf. bench)).
{{12}}bank (v.) "to act as a banker," 1727, from BANK (Cf. bank) (n.1). As "to deposit in a bank" from 1833. Figurative sense of "to rely on" (i.e. "to put money on") is from 1884. Meaning "to ascend," as of an incline, is from 1892. In aeronautics, from 1911. Related: Banked; banking.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Bank [2] — Bank (Hdlgsw.), eine auf Rechnung mehrerer Personen od. des Staates errichtete Anstalt, welche mit Geld Geschäfte macht, d.h. gegen Hinterlegung von Geld, Werthpapieren od. werthvollen Gegenständen od. auch gegen Bürgschaft Credit gewährt, den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bank — [bæŋk] noun BANKING ORGANIZATIONS The Bank the Bank of England, Britain s central bank: • The Bank is worried that strong demand for labour could lead to higher wages and prices. * * * Ⅰ …   Financial and business terms

  • bank — / baŋk/ n: an organization for the custody, loan, or exchange of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds branch bank: a banking facility that is a separate but dependent part of a chartered bank; esp: a… …   Law dictionary

  • bank — bank; bank·man; bank·roll·er; bank·rupt·cy; bank·sku·ta; can·ta·bank; em·bank; em·bank·ment; in·ter·bank; maas·bank·er; moun·te·bank·ery; bank·a·ble; bank·rupt; moun·te·bank; non·bank; bank·abil·i·ty; bank·skoi·te; hand·bank·er; sal·tim·bank; …   English syllables

  • bank — bank1 [baŋk] n. [ME banke < MFr banque < OIt banca, orig., table, moneylenders exchange table < OHG bank, bench: see BANK2] 1. an establishment for receiving, keeping, lending, or, sometimes, issuing money, and making easier the exchange …   English World dictionary

  • Bank — Bank, n. [F. banque, It. banca, orig. bench, table, counter, of German origin, and akin to E. bench; cf. G. bank bench, OHG. banch. See {Bench}, and cf. {Banco}, {Beach}.] 1. An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bank — (b[a^][ng]k), n. [OE. banke; akin to E. bench, and prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. bakki. See {Bench}.] 1. A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bank — baŋk n a place where something is held available <data bank> esp a depot for the collection and storage of a biological product of human origin for medical use <a sperm bank> <an eye bank> see BLOOD BANK * * * (bangk) a stored… …   Medical dictionary

  • bank — Ⅰ. bank [1] ► NOUN 1) the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake. 2) a long, raised mound or mass: mud banks. 3) a set of similar things grouped together in rows. ► VERB 1) heap or form into a mass or mound. 2) …   English terms dictionary

  • bank — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż IIa, D. u {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} instytucja zajmująca się obrotem pieniędzmi: przyjmowaniem wkładów i wypłacaniem odsetek, udzielaniem kredytów, emisją banknotów,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Bank — Bank, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Banked}(b[a^][ng]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Banking}.] 1. To raise a mound or dike about; to inclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank. Banked well with earth. Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. To heap or pile up; as, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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