bail

{{11}}bail (n.1) "bond money," late 15c., a sense that apparently developed from that of "temporary release from jail" (into the custody of another, who gives security), recorded from early 15c. That evolved from earlier meaning "captivity, custody" (early 14c.). From O.Fr. baillier "to control, to guard, deliver" (12c.), from L. bajulare "to bear a burden," from bajulus "porter," of unknown origin. As a verb, "to procure someone's release from prison" (by posting bail) is from 1580s; usually with out. In late 18c. criminal slang, to give leg bail meant "to run away."
{{12}}bail (n.2) "horizontal piece of wood in a cricket wicket," c.1742, originally "any cross bar" (1570s), probably identical with M.Fr. bail "horizontal piece of wood affixed on two stakes," and with English bail "palisade wall, outer wall of a castle" (see BAILEY (Cf. bailey)).
{{12}}bail (v.) "to dip water out of," 1610s, from baile (n.) "small wooden bucket" (mid-14c.), from nautical O.Fr. baille "bucket, pail," from M.L. *bajula (aquae), lit. "porter of water," from L. bajulare "to bear a burden" (see BAIL (Cf. bail) (n.1)). To bail out "leave suddenly" (intransitive) is recorded from 1930, originally of airplane pilots.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
, / (of a pail, etc.),


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  • bail — bail …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bail — bail, baux [ baj, bo ] n. m. • 1264 « contrat par lequel on cède la jouissance d une chose pour un prix et pour un temps »; de bailler ♦ Contrat par lequel l une des parties (⇒ bailleur) s oblige à faire jouir l autre (⇒ preneur; locataire;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bail — 1 / bāl/ n [Anglo French, act of handing over, delivery of a prisoner into someone s custody in exchange for security, from bailler to hand over, entrust, from Old French, from Latin bajulare to carry (a burden)] 1: the temporary release of a… …   Law dictionary

  • bail — BAIL, au pluriel Baux. s. m. Contrat par lequel on donne une terre à ferme, ou une maison à louage. Bail à ferme. Baux à ferme. Bail de maison. Bail de six, de neuf ans. Bail à longues années. Bail à vie. Bail à rente. Bail emphytéotique. Bail d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • bail — Bail. s. m. Contract par lequel on baille une terre à ferme, ou une maison à loüage. Bail à ferme. baux à ferme. bail de maison, bail de six, de neuf ans. bail à longues années. bail d heritages. bail judiciaire fait en justice, d une terre ou d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Bail — Bail, n. [OF. bail guardian, administrator, fr. L. bajulus. See {Bail} to deliver.] 1. Custody; keeping. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Silly Faunus now within their bail. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) (a) The person or persons who procure the release… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bail — Ⅰ. bail [1] ► NOUN 1) the temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money is lodged to guarantee their appearance in court. 2) money paid by or for such a person as security. ► VERB ▪ release or… …   English terms dictionary

  • bail — bail·a·ble; bail; bail·ee; bail·li; bail·liage; bail·ment; bail·or; water·bail·age; bail·er; …   English syllables

  • bail — bail1 [bāl] n. [ME & OFr, power, control, custody < OFr baillier, to keep in custody, deliver < L bajulare, to bear a burden < bajulus, porter, carrier] 1. money, a bond, etc. deposited with the court to obtain the temporary release of… …   English World dictionary

  • Bail — Bail, v. t. [OF. bailler to give, to deliver, fr. L. bajulare to bear a burden, keep in custody, fr. bajulus he who bears burdens.] 1. To deliver; to release. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Ne none there was to rescue her, ne none to bail. Spenser. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bail — Bail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bailed} (b[=a]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. {Bailing}.] 1. To lade; to dip and throw; usually with out; as, to bail water out of a boat. [1913 Webster] Buckets . . . to bail out the water. Capt. J. Smith. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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