avant-garde

avant-garde (also avant garde, avantgarde); French, lit. "advance guard" (see AVANT (Cf. avant) + GUARD (Cf. guard) (n.)). Used in English 15c.-18c. in a literal, military sense; borrowed again 1910 as an artistic term for "pioneers or innovators of a particular period." Also used around the same time in communist and anarchist publications. As an adjective, by 1925.
The avant-garde générale, avant-garde stratégique, or avant-garde d'armée is a strong force (one, two, or three army corps) pushed out a day's march to the front, immediately behind the cavalry screen. Its mission is, vigorously to engage the enemy wherever he is found, and, by binding him, to ensure liberty of action in time and space for the main army. ["Sadowa," Gen. Henri Bonnal, transl. C.F. Atkinson, 1907]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • avant-garde — [ avɑ̃gard ] n. f. • avantgarde XIIe; de 1. avant et 1. garde 1 ♦ Partie d une armée qui marche en avant du gros des troupes. Combats d avant garde. Des avant gardes. Par métaph. À L AVANT GARDE DE : à la pointe de, en tête de. Avignon « se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Avant-garde — (pronounced|avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means advance guard or vanguard. Cite web|url=http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=avant garde|title=Avant garde definitions|accessdate=2007 03 14|publisher=Lexico Publishing Group, LLC|work=Dictionary.com] The …   Wikipedia

  • Avant-Garde — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avant Garde — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • avant-garde — is a 15c word originally meaning ‘the front part of an army’ (now expressed by vanguard). It was revived in the 20c to mean ‘pioneers or innovators’, especially in the arts; its main uses are in the expression the avant garde, in attributive uses …   Modern English usage

  • avant-garde — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ (in the arts) new and experimental. ► NOUN (the avant garde) ▪ avant garde ideas or artists. DERIVATIVES avant gardism noun avant gardist noun. ORIGIN French, vanguard …   English terms dictionary

  • avant-garde — a*vant garde ([.a]*v[aum]nt g[aum]rd ), n. [F. avant before + E. guard, F. avant garde. See {Avaunt}.] The most advanced group of people in any field of endeavor, especially in literary and artistic work, usually characterized by new ideas and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • avant-garde — AVANT GARDE. s. f. La partie la plus avancée d une armée qui marche en bataille. L avant garde étoit commandée par un tel Lieutenant Général. L avant garde plia …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • avant-garde — Avant garde. s. m. La partie la plus avancée d une armée qui marche en bataille. L avant garde estoit commandée par un tel. l avant garde plia …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • avant-garde — a*vant garde ([.a]*v[aum]nt g[aum]rd ), a. 1. Of, pertaining to, or belonging to the avant garde. [PJC] 2. Characterized by the use of experimental techniques; modern; daring; radical. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.