arugula (n.) edible cruciform plant (Eruca sativa) used originally in the Mediterranean region as a salad; the Amer.Eng. and Australian form of the name is (via Italian immigrants) from dialectal variant of It. ruchetta, a dim. form of ruca-, from L. eruca, a name of some cabbage-like plant, from PIE *gher(s)-uka-, from root *ghers- "to bristle" (see HORROR (Cf. horror)).
In England, the usual name is rocket (see ROCKET (Cf. rocket) (n.1)), which is from It. ruchetta via Fr. roquette. It also sometimes is called hedge mustard.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • arugula — n. 1. an erect European annual ({Eruca vesicaria} sativa) of the mustard family, often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender. Syn: rocket, roquette, garden rocket, rocket salad, Eruca sativa. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arugula — [ə ro͞o′gə lə] n. [It dial., dim. < Prov auruga, rocket; ult. < L eruca, kind of colewort: see ROCKET2] a European annual (Eruca vesicaria sativa) of the crucifer family, sometimes cultivated as a pungent salad herb; rocket: also arugola …   English World dictionary

  • arugula — noun Etymology: probably from Italian dialect; akin to Italian dialect (Lombardy) arigola arugula, Italian ruca more at rocket Date: 1967 a yellowish flowered Mediterranean herb (Eruca vesicaria sativa) of the mustard family cultivated for its… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • arugula — /euh rooh geuh leuh/, n. a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used in salads. Also called rocket, roquette. [1965 70; appar. < an Upper It dial. form, akin to Lombard arigola, Venetian rucola …   Universalium

  • arugula — a•ru•gu•la [[t]əˈru gə lə[/t]] n. pln coo a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used esp. in salads Also called rocket II, 2) • Etymology: 1965–70; appar. < an Upper It form akin to Lombard …   From formal English to slang

  • arugula — sėjamoji gražgarstė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bastutinių šeimos aliejinis, maistinis, pašarinis augalas (Eruca sativa), paplitęs centrinėje ir vakarinėje Azijos dalyje, Europoje pietuose ir šiaurės Afrikoje. Naudojamas kaip daržovė ir …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Arugula — Garten Senfrauke Als Rucola (auch Rukola) werden verschiedene Pflanzenarten aus der Familie der Kreuzblütengewächse gehandelt. Rucola wird hauptsächlich als Salatpflanze angebaut. Im deutschsprachigen Raum ursprünglich als Rauke bekannt, aber in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • arugula — noun /əˈɹuɡələ/ A yellowish flowered Mediterranean herb of the mustard family; which has flavoured leaves, often eaten in salads. Syn: rugola, rugula, garden rocket, rocket, Eruca vesicaria …   Wiktionary

  • arugula — a|ru|gu|la [əˈru:gjulə US gələ] n [U] [Date: 1900 2000; : Italian dialect; Origin: Latin eruca] ↑rocket 1(4) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • arugula — a|ru|gu|la [ ə rugələ ] noun uncount AMERICAN a plant with flat green leaves often eaten in salads …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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