arithmetic

arithmetic (n.) mid-13c., arsmetike, from O.Fr. arsmetique (12c.), from L. arithmetica, from Gk. arithmetike (tekhne) " (the) counting (art)," fem. of arithmetikos "of or for reckoning, arithmetical," from arithmos "number, counting, amount," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (Cf. O.E., O.H.G. rim "number;" O.Ir. rim "number," dorimu "I count;" L. ritus "religious custom;" see READ (Cf. read)).
Originally in English also arsmetrik, on folk etymology from M.L. ars metrica; spelling corrected early 16c. Replaced native tælcræft, lit. "tell-craft."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Arithmetic — tables for children, Lausanne, 1835 Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word ἀριθμός, arithmos “number”) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used b …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic — A*rith me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arithmetic — [ə rith′mə tik; ] for adj. [, ar΄ith met′ik, er΄ith met′ik] n. [ME arsmetrike < OFr arismetrique (infl. in form by L ars metrica, the art of measurement) < L arithmetica < Gr ( hē) arithmētikē (technē), (the) counting (art) <… …   English World dictionary

  • arithmetic — ► NOUN 1) the branch of mathematics concerned with the properties and manipulation of numbers. 2) the use of numbers in counting and calculation. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to arithmetic. DERIVATIVES arithmetical adjective arithmetically adverb… …   English terms dictionary

  • arithmetic — [n] mathematics addition, calculation, computation, division, estimation, figuring, multiplication, reckoning, subtraction; concepts 349,764 …   New thesaurus

  • arithmetic — arithmetically, adv. n. /euh rith meuh tik/; adj. /ar ith met ik/, n. 1. the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics. 2. Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of… …   Universalium

  • arithmetic — (The noun is pronounced [[t]ərɪ̱θmɪtɪk[/t]]. The adjective is pronounced [[t]æ̱rɪθme̱tɪk[/t]].) 1) N UNCOUNT Arithmetic is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers.… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — ar|ith|met|ic1 [ ə rıθmətık ] noun uncount * 1. ) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers: He s very good at arithmetic. 2. ) the process of doing a calculation: I m not sure my arithmetic is …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • arithmetic — I UK [əˈrɪθmətɪk] / US noun [uncountable] * 1) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers He s very good at arithmetic. 2) the process of doing a calculation I m not sure my arithmetic is… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — n. & adj. n. 1 a the science of numbers. b one s knowledge of this (have improved my arithmetic). 2 the use of numbers; computation (a problem involving arithmetic). adj. (also arithmetical) of or concerning arithmetic. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

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