archon

archon (n.) one of the nine chief magistrates of ancient Athens, 1650s, from Gk. arkhon "ruler," noun use of prp. of arkhein "to rule," from PIE *arkhein- "to begin, rule, command," a "Gk. verb of unknown origin, but showing archaic Indo-European features ... with derivatives arkhe, 'rule, beginning,' and arkhos, 'ruler' " [Watkins].

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Archon — Ar chon, n. [L. archon, Gr. ?, ?, ruler, chief magistrate, p. pr. of ? to be first, to rule.] (Antiq.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by pre[ e]minence, the first of the nine chief magistrates. {Ar*chon tic}, a. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archon — noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek archōn, from present participle of archein Date: 1579 1. a chief magistrate in ancient Athens 2. a presiding officer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Archontic — Archon Ar chon, n. [L. archon, Gr. ?, ?, ruler, chief magistrate, p. pr. of ? to be first, to rule.] (Antiq.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by pre[ e]minence, the first of the nine chief magistrates. {Ar*chon tic}, a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archonship — Ar chon*ship, n. The office of an archon. Mitford. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archontate — Ar chon*tate, n. [Cf. F. archontat.] An archon s term of office. Gibbon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archonts — Ar chonts, n. pl. [Gr. a rchwn, p. pr. See {Archon}.] (Zo[ o]l.) The group including man alone. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archoplasm — Ar cho*plasm, n. [See {Archon}; {Plasma}.] (Biol.) The substance from which attraction spheres develop in mitotic cell division, and of which they consist. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archosaur — noun Etymology: New Latin Archosauria, from Greek archōn + sauros lizard Date: 1933 any of a subclass (Archosauria) of reptiles comprising the dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and crocodilians • archosaurian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Карсавин, Лев Платонович — [01(13).12.1882 20.07.1952] философ, историк медиевист, культуролог, поэт. Род. в Петербурге, в семье балетмейстера. В 1906 окончил ист. филол. ф т Петерб. ун та. Командирован за границу, работал в библиотеках и архивах Франции и Италии (1910… …   Большая биографическая энциклопедия

  • Архонт — (греч. archon начальник, правитель)         высшее должностное лицо в древнегреческих полисах (городах государствах). Наиболее известны А. в Афинах, где эта должность появилась ещё при басилеях (См. Басилей). Согласно преданию, в 11 в. до н. э.… …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Карсавин Лев Платонович — [1(13).12.1882, Петербург, ‒ 12.7.1952, Абезь, Коми АССР], русский религиозный философ и историк медиевист, ученик И. М. Гревса. Брат Т. П. Карсавиной. Получил историческое образование в Петербургском университете. Профессор историко… …   Большая советская энциклопедия


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