antonym

antonym (n.) 1867, coined to serve as opposite of SYNONYM (Cf. synonym), from Gk. anti- "equal to, instead of, opposite" (see ANTI- (Cf. anti-)) + -onym "name" (see NAME (Cf. name) (n.)). Perhaps introduced to English in the book "Synonyms and Antonyms" (1867) by the Ven. C.J. Smith, M.A.
UNDER the head of Synonyms and Antonyms, Archdeacon Smith arranges words which form an antithesis to one another. The word "antonym" is, we believe, a new formation but useful. ["Journal of Sacred Literature," July 1867]
Fr. antonyme (1842), Ger. antonym (by 1859) are older. The un-Greek alternative counterterm has been left to fade.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • antonym — [an′tə nim΄] n. [with altered sense (as if < ANTI ) < Gr antōnymia, a pronoun < anti , equal to, instead of, opposite (see ANTI ) + onyma, NAME] a word that is opposite in meaning to another word [“sad” is an antonym of “happy”] …   English World dictionary

  • Antonym — An to*nym, n. [Gr. ? a word used in substitution for another; ? + ?, ?, a word.] A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; used as a correlative of synonym. [R.] C. J. Smith. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antonym — index contra Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • antonym — opposite, contradictory, contrary, antithesis, antipode (see under OPPOSITE adj) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • antonym — [n] word with opposite meaning to another word opposite, reverse; concept 275 Ant. synonym …   New thesaurus

  • antonym — ► NOUN ▪ a word opposite in meaning to another. ORIGIN from Greek anti against + onoma a name …   English terms dictionary

  • Antonym — Antonyme sind in der Sprachwissenschaft Wörter mit gegensätzlicher Bedeutung. In gleicher Bedeutung werden auch die Ausdrücke Gegensatzwort (oder (kürzer) Gegenwort) verwandt. Zwei Wörter, die füreinander Gegensatzwörter sind, heißen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • antonym — noun /ˈæntəˌnɪm/ A word which has the opposite meaning to another, although not necessarily in all its senses. rich is an antonym of poor ; full is an antonym of empty . Ant: synonym See Also: antonymic, antonymous, antonymy …   Wiktionary

  • Antonym — Umkehrung; Gegenwort; Gegensatzwort; Gegenteil; Komplement; Gegentum (umgangssprachlich) * * * Ant|o|nym auch: An|to|nym 〈n. 11; Sprachw.〉 Wort von entgegensetzter Bedeutung, z. B. „hell“ im Gegensatz zu „dunkel“; Ggs Synonym [<grch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Antonym — An·to·nym das; s, e; ein Antonym (zu etwas) Ling; ein Wort, das die entgegengesetzte Bedeutung eines anderen Wortes hat ≈ Gegenteil ↔ Synonym: ,,Heiß ist ein Antonym zu ,,kalt …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

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