Viking

Viking Scandinavian pirate, 1807, vikingr; modern spelling attested from 1840. The word is a historical revival; it was not used in M.E., but it was revived from O.N. vikingr "freebooter, sea-rover, pirate, viking," which usually is explained as meaning properly "one who came from the fjords," from vik "creek, inlet, small bay" (Cf. O.E. wic, M.H.G. wich "bay," and second element in Reykjavik). But O.E. wicing and O.Fris. wizing are almost 300 years older, and probably derive from wic "village, camp" (temporary camps were a feature of the Viking raids), related to L. vicus "village, habitation" (see VILLA (Cf. villa)). The connection between the Norse and Old English words is still much debated. The period of Viking activity was roughly 8c. to 11c. In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the raiding armies generally were referred to as þa Deniscan "the Danes," while those who settled in England were identified by their place of settlement.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Viking FK — Viking Stavanger Voller Name Viking Fotballklubb Gegründet 10. August 1899 Stadion Viking Stadion, Stavanger Plätze 16.600 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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