spike

{{11}}spike (n.1) "large nail," mid-14c., perhaps from O.N. spik "splinter" (related to O.E. spicing "large nail"), from P.Gmc. *spikaz (Cf. M.Du. spicher, Du. spijker "nail," O.E. spaca, O.H.G. speihha "spoke"), from PIE root *spei- "sharp point" (Cf. L. spica "ear of corn," spina "thorn, prickle, backbone," pinna "pin;" Gk. spilas "rock, cliff;" Lett. spile "wooden fork;" Lith. speigliai "thorns," spitna "tongue of a buckle," O.E. spitu "spit").
But based on gender difficulties in the Germanic words, OED casts doubt on this whole derivation and says the English word may be a borrowing of L. spica (see SPIKE (Cf. spike) (n.2)), from the same root. Slang meaning "needle" is from 1923. Meaning "pointed stud in athletic shoes" is from 1832. Electrical sense of "pulse of short duration" is from 1935.
{{12}}spike (n.2) "ear of grain," late 14c., from L. spica "ear of grain," related to spina "thorn" (see SPIKE (Cf. spike) (n.1)).
{{12}}spike (v.) 1620s, "to fasten with spikes," see SPIKE (Cf. spike) (n.1). Meaning "To rise in a spike" is from 1958. Military sense (1680s) means "to disable guns by driving a big nail into the touch-hole." Figurative use of this sense is from 1823. Meaning "to lace (a drink) with liquor" is from 1889. Journalism sense of "to kill a story before publication" (1908) is from the metal spindle in which old-time editors filed hard copy of stories after they were set in type, or especially when rejected for publication.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
(of grain), /


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spike — Spike(s) may refer to:Device to puncture or fasten* Nail (fastener), especially one over four inches long * Rail spike, used to construct railroad tracks * Tree spiking, making a tree dangerous to cut with a chainsaw * Spike strip, tire deflation …   Wikipedia

  • Spike — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Spike est un prénom américain. En anglais, spike signifie pique, aiguille, baïonnette ou peut désigner un outil destiné à piquer. En anglais,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Spike — (engl. ‚Spitze‘) steht für: Spikes (Reifen), Stifte im Profil von Reifen Schuhspikes, Gleitschutz für das Gehen auf glattem Untergrund Spikes (Leichtathletik), in der Leichtathletik Schuhe mit an der Sohle angebrachten Dornen Spike (HiFi), ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spike TV — (a veces Spike solo) es un canal de televisión estadounidense diseñado para el publico masculino. Spike TV es propiedad de MTV Networks, que es una subsidiaria de Viacom Inc. Historia El canal comenzó como The Nashville Networks (TNN) fundado por …   Wikipedia Español

  • Spike CO — Spike (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Spike (homonymie). Logo de Spike Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Spike — [ʃpai̮k], der; s, s: 1. 1Stift (1) an den Schuhsohlen von Läufern oder an Autoreifen, der das [Aus]gleiten verhindert: Schuhe, Autoreifen mit Spikes. 2. <Plural> Laufschuhe, an deren Sohlen sich Spikes (1) befinden: ein Paar Spikes; mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • spike — spike1 [spīk] n. [ME < ON spīkr, a nail, spike, or < MDu & MLowG spīker, both ult. < IE base * (s)p(h)ei , sharp, pointed splinter > SPIT1, SPOKE1, L spica, ear of grain, spina,SPINE] 1. a long, heavy nail 2. a sh …   English World dictionary

  • Spike — Spike, n. [Akin to LG. spiker, spieker, a large nail, D. spijker, Sw. spik, Dan. spiger, Icel. sp[=i]k; all perhaps from L. spica a point, an ear of grain; but in the sense of nail more likely akin to E. spoke of a wheel. Cf. {Spine}.] 1. A sort… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spike — spike; spike·let; spike·man; spike·nard; un·spike; hand·spike; …   English syllables

  • Spike — Spike, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spiked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Spiking}.] 1. To fasten with spikes, or long, large nails; as, to spike down planks. [1913 Webster] 2. To set or furnish with spikes. [1913 Webster] 3. To fix on a spike. [R.] Young. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spike — Spike, n. [Cf. G. spieke, L. spica an ear of grain. See {Spikenard}.] (Bot.) Spike lavender. See {Lavender}. [1913 Webster] {Oil of spike} (Chem.), a colorless or yellowish aromatic oil extracted from the European broad leaved lavender, or aspic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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