Satan

Satan proper name of the supreme evil spirit in Christianity, O.E. Satan, from L.L. Satan (in Vulgate, in O.T. only), from Gk. Satanas, from Heb. satan "adversary, one who plots against another," from satan "to show enmity to, oppose, plot against," from root s-t-n "one who opposes, obstructs, or acts as an adversary." In Septuagint (Gk.) usually translated as diabolos "slanderer," lit. "one who throws (something) across" the path of another (see DEVIL (Cf. devil)), though epiboulos "plotter" is used once.
In biblical sources the Hebrew term the satan describes an adversarial role. It is not the name of a particular character. Although Hebrew storytellers as early as the sixth century B.C.E. occasionally introduced a supernatural character whom they called the satan, what they meant was any one of the angels sent by God for the specific purpose of blocking or obstructing human activity. [Elaine Pagels, "The Origin of Satan," 1995]
Satanist is attested from 1550s, applied by their enemies to Protestant sects.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • SATAN — Toutes les religions croient en des esprits malfaisants. Dans la tradition judéo chrétienne, toutefois, une telle croyance s’est structurée de manière originale autour de la figure d’un prince des démons, Satan ou le Diable: cette originalité se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SATAN — (Heb. שָׂטָן). In the Bible, except perhaps for I Chronicles 21:1 (see below), Satan is not a proper name referring to a particular being and a demoniac one who is the antagonist or rival of God. In its original application, in fact, it is a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • satan- — *satan germ., Maskulinum: nhd. Satan, Teufel; ne. Satan; Rekontruktionsbasis: as., ahd.; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. satanās; Etymologie: s. lat. sata …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Satan — Sm std. (9. Jh., sataniklin 8. Jh.), mhd. satanās, satān, satanāt, ahd. Satanās Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus kirchen l. satan, satanās, dieses aus ntl. gr. satãn, satanãs, aus hebr. śāṭān, eigentlich Widersacher, Feind (Gottes) . Adjektiv: satanisch …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Satán — satán. (Del lat. satan, y este del hebr. šāṭān, adversario, enemigo; en la tradición judeocristiana, el demonio Satanás). m. Persona diabólica. Es un satán. * * * altSatán o Satanás/alt ► TEOLOGÍA Nombre dado en el Antiguo Testamento al ser… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • satán — satán. (Del lat. satan, y este del hebr. šāṭān, adversario, enemigo; en la tradición judeocristiana, el demonio Satanás). m. Persona diabólica. Es un satán. * * * altsatán o satanás/alt ► masculino BOTÁNICA Hongo basidiomicete del orden… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • satán — (Del lat. satan, y este del hebr. šāṭān, adversario, enemigo; en la tradición judeocristiana, el demonio Satanás). m. Persona diabólica. Es un satán …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Satan — Sa tan (s[=a] tan, s[a^]t an obs ), n. [Heb. s[=a]t[=a]n an adversary, fr. s[=a]tan to be adverse, to persecute: cf. Gr. Sata^n, Satana^s, L. Satan, Satanas.] The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Satan — Satan: Der Name des Höllenfürsten (auch übertragen gebraucht für »teuflischer Mensch«) mhd. satanās, satān, ahd. satanās führt über kirchenlat. satan, satanas und griech. satanās auf hebr. s̓ạṭạn »Widersacher, Feind; böser Engel« zurück… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • satán — sustantivo masculino 1. Satanás. satanás o satán (con mayúscula) sustantivo masculino 1. Nombre del príncipe de los demonios: Satanás tentó a Cristo. 2 …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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