shark

shark (n.) 1560s, of uncertain origin; apparently the word and the first specimen were brought to London by Capt. John Hawkins's second expedition (landed 1565; see Hakluyt).
There is no proper name for it that I knowe, but that sertayne men of Captayne Haukinses doth call it a 'sharke' [handbill advertising an exhibition of the specimen, 1569]
The meaning "dishonest person who preys on others," though only attested from 1599 (sharker in this sense is from 1594), may be the original sense, later applied to the large, voracious marine fish. It is possibly from Ger. Schorck, a variant of Schurke "scoundrel, villain," agent noun of M.H.G. schürgen (Ger. schüren) "to poke, stir." The English word was applied to voracious or predatory persons, on the image of the fish, from 1707 (originally of pick-pockets); loan shark is attested from 1905. Sharkskin was used for binding books, etc. As the name of a type of fabric held to resemble it, it is recorded from 1932.
There is the ordinary Brown Shark, or sea attorney, so called by sailors; a grasping, rapacious varlet, that in spite of the hard knocks received from it, often snapped viciously at our steering oar. [Herman Melville, "Mardi"]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Shark — Shark, n. [Of uncertain origin; perhaps through OF. fr. carcharus a kind of dogfish, Gr. karchari as, so called from its sharp teeth, fr. ka rcharos having sharp or jagged teeth; or perhaps named from its rapacity (cf. {Shark}, v. t. & i.); cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shark — (engl. für „Hai“) steht für: Personen: Rolf Shark (eigentlich: Karl Hans Koizar; 1922–2005), österreichischer Schriftsteller, Autor der Bob Barring Serie Gegenstände / Dienstleistungen: Shark 3D, eine Middleware für Computerspiele, Videospiele… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shark 3D — is a middleware from Spinor for computer, video games and realtime 3D applications.DescriptionShark 3D is a middleware for 3D applications and is mainly used in computer games, broadcasting, and industrial simulation. Shark 3D is developed by… …   Wikipedia

  • Shark 3D — Игровой движок (Список) Разработчик Spinor GmbH Аппаратная платформа IBM PC совместимый компьютер Xbox Xbox 360 PlayStation 2 PlayStation 3 Wii Поддерживаемая …   Википедия

  • Shark 3D — Données clés Titre québécois Requins 3D Titre original Shark Night 3D Réalisation David R. Ellis Scénario Jesse Studenberg Will Hayes Acteurs principaux Sara Paxton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shark — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Shark peut faire référence à : Shark, un fabricant de casques de moto Shark, une série télévisée américaine SHARK peut faire référence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shark 3D — ist eine Middleware der Firma Spinor für Computerspiele und andere Echtzeit Computergrafik Anwendungen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Bekannte Kunden 3 Siehe auch 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shark — [ʆɑːk ǁ ʆɑːrk] noun [countable] informal FINANCE someone who cheats other people out of money, especially by giving bad financial advice: • Never do business with these sharks. ˈloan shark FINANCE someone who lends money at very high rates of… …   Financial and business terms

  • shark — [ʃa:k US ʃa:rk] n [Sense: 1; Date: 1400 1500; Origin: Origin unknown.] [Sense: 2; Date: 1500 1600; Origin: Probably from German schurke bad man ; influenced by SHARK1] 1.) plural shark or …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shark — shark; shark·ish; shark·let; shark·like; …   English syllables

  • shark — Ⅰ. shark [1] ► NOUN ▪ a long bodied cartilaginous marine fish, typically predatory and voracious, with a prominent dorsal fin. ORIGIN of unknown origin. Ⅱ. shark [2] ► NOUN informal ▪ a person who exploits or swindles others …   English terms dictionary

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