run

{{11}}run (n.) "spell of running," mid-15c. (earlier ren, late 14c.), from RUN (Cf. run) (v.). Sense of "small stream" first recorded 1580s, mostly Northern English dialect and Amer.Eng. Meaning "series or rush of demands on a bank, etc." is first recorded 1690s. Baseball sense is from 1856. Meaning "single trip by a railroad train" is from 1857. Military aircraft sense is from 1916. Meaning "total number of copies printed" is from 1909. Meaning "tear in a knitted garment" is from 1922. Phrase a run for one's money is from 1872 in a figurative sense, originally from horse racing, implying competition (1841). Run-in "quarrel, confrontation" is from 1905.
{{12}}run (v.) the modern verb is a merger of two related O.E. words. The first is rinnan, irnan (strong, intransitive, p.t. ran, pp. runnen), from P.Gmc. *renwanan (Cf. M.Du. runnen, O.S., O.H.G., Goth. rinnan, Ger. rinnen "to flow, run"), both from PIE *ri-ne-a-, nasalized form of root *reie- "to flow, run" (see RHINE (Cf. Rhine)). The sense of "cause to run" is from O.E. ærnan, earnan (weak, transitive, probably a metathesis of *rennan), from P.Gmc. *rannjanan, causative of the root *ren- "run."
Of streams, etc., from c.1200; of machinery, from 1560s. Meaning "to be in charge of" is first attested 1861, originally American English. Meaning "to seek office in an election" is from 1826, American English. Phrase run for it "take flight" is attested from 1640s. Most figurative uses are from horseracing or hunting (cf to run (something) into the ground, 1836, American English), except (to feel) run down (1901) which is from clocks (in the lit. sense, 1761). To run across "meet" is attested from 1855, American English. To run short "exhaust one's supply" is from 1752; to run out of in the same sense is from 1713.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Run — Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • run — ► VERB (running; past ran; past part. run) 1) move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all feet on the ground at the same time. 2) move about in a hurried and hectic way. 3) pass or cause to pass: Helen ran her fingers through her …   English terms dictionary

  • run — [run] vi. ran or Dial. run, run, running [altered (with vowel prob. infl. by pp.) < ME rinnen, rennen < ON & OE: ON rinna, to flow, run, renna, to cause to run (< Gmc * rannjan); OE rinnan, iornan: both < Gmc * renwo < IE base * er …   English World dictionary

  • Run — or runs may refer to: Computers* Execution (computers), meaning to begin operation of a computer program ** Run command, a command used to execute a program in Microsoft Windows * RUN (magazine) , a computer magazine of the 1980s * A sequence of… …   Wikipedia

  • Run — «Run» Сингл Snow Patrol из альбома Final Straw Выпущен 26 января 2004 Формат 10 ; E CD; 7 …   Википедия

  • Run — Run, v. t. 1. To cause to run (in the various senses of {Run}, v. i.); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block. [1913 Webster] 2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation. [1913 Webster] To run… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Run — Run, n. 1. The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick run; to go on the run. [1913 Webster] 2. A small stream; a brook; a creek. [1913 Webster] 3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Run D.M.C. — Run D.M.C. (oder Run DMC) war eine US amerikanische Hip Hop Band. Run DMC Gründung 1982 Auflösung 2002 Genre Hip Hop/Rock Gründungsmitglieder MC Run …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Run–D.M.C. — Run–D.M.C. Run D.M.C. et Julien Civange au Grand Rex à Paris en 1989 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Run-D.M.C. — Run DMC Основная информация Жанры …   Википедия

  • RUN — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

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