round

{{11}}round (adj., adv.) late 13c., from Anglo-Fr. rounde, O.Fr. roont, probably originally *redond, from V.L. *retundus (Cf. Prov. redon, Sp. redondo, O.It. ritondo), from L. rotundus "like a wheel, circular, round," related to rota "wheel" (see ROTARY (Cf. rotary)). In many uses it is an aphetic form of AROUND (Cf. around). The French word is the source of M.Du. ront (Du. rond), M.H.G. runt (Ger. rund) and similar Germanic words.
First record of round trip is from 1844, originally of railways. Round number is 1640s, from earlier sense of "full, complete" (mid-14c., sense of symmetry extended to that of completeness). Round heels attested from 1926, in reference to incompetent boxers, 1927 in reference to loose women, in either case implying an inability to avoid ending up flat on one's back.
{{12}}round (n.) early 14c., "a spherical body," from ROUND (Cf. round) (adj.). Cf. Du. rond, Dan., Swed. rund, Ger. runde, all nouns from adjectives. Meaning "large round piece of beef" is recorded from 1650s. Theatrical sense (in phrase in the round) is recorded from 1944. Sense of "circuit performed by a sentinel" is from 1590s; that of "recurring course of time" is from 1710. Meaning "song sung by two or more, beginning at different times" is from 1520s. Golfing sense attested from 1775. Meaning "quantity of liquor served to a company at one time" is from 1630s; that of "single bout in a fight or boxing match" is from 1812; "single discharge of a firearm" is from 1725. Sense of "recurring session of meetings or negotiations" is from 1964.
{{12}}round (v.) late 14c., "to make round," from ROUND (Cf. round) (adj.). Meaning "to approximate a number" is from 1934. Related: Rounded; rounding.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Round — Round, a. [OF. roond, roont, reond, F. rond, fr. L. rotundus, fr. rota wheel. See {Rotary}, and cf. {Rotund}, {roundel}, {Rundlet}.] 1. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • round — round1 [round] adj. [ME < OFr roont < L rotundus: see ROTUND] 1. shaped like a ball; spherical; globular 2. a) shaped like a circle, ring, or disk; circular b) shaped like a cylinder (in having a circular cross section); cylindrical 3 …   English World dictionary

  • Round — (round), n. 1. Anything round, as a circle, a globe, a ring. The golden round [the crown]. Shak. [1913 Webster] In labyrinth of many a round self rolled. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • round — ► ADJECTIVE 1) shaped like a circle or cylinder. 2) shaped like a sphere. 3) having a curved surface with no sharp projections. 4) (of a person s shoulders) bent forward. 5) (of a voice or musical tone) rich and mellow. 6) (of a number) expressed …   English terms dictionary

  • round — [ raund; rund ] n. m. • 1850; mot angl. « cercle, cycle, tour » ♦ Reprise (d un combat de boxe). Combat en dix rounds. « Au coup de gong annonçant le commencement du premier round » (Hémon). ♢ Fig. Épisode d une négociation difficile, d un combat …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Round — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Dorothy Round (1908–1982), englische Tennisspielerin Henry Joseph Round (1881–1966), englischer Forscher; gilt als Erfinder der Leuchtdiode Siehe auch: Round Dance Round Effekt Round Hill Round Island… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Round — Round, adv. 1. On all sides; around. [1913 Webster] Round he throws his baleful eyes. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Circularly; in a circular form or manner; by revolving or reversing one s position; as, to turn one s head round; a wheel turns round …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round — Round, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Rounded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Rounding}.] 1. To make circular, spherical, or cylindrical; to give a round or convex figure to; as, to round a silver coin; to round the edges of anything. [1913 Webster] Worms with many… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • round — [adj1] ball shaped; semicircular area annular, arced, arched, arciform, bent, bowed, bulbous, circular, coiled, curled, curved, curvilinear, cylindrical, discoid, disk shaped, domical, egg shaped, elliptical, globose, globular, looped, orbed,… …   New thesaurus

  • Round — Round, prep. On every side of, so as to encompass or encircle; around; about; as, the people atood round him; to go round the city; to wind a cable round a windlass. [1913 Webster] The serpent Error twines round human hearts. Cowper. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Round — or rounds can mean:* The shape of a circle or sphere * Rounding (sediment), the smoothness of a sediment particle * Roundedness, the roundedness of the lips in the pronunciation of a phoneme * Rounding, the truncation of a number to reduce the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.