root

{{11}}root (n.) "underground part of a plant," late O.E. rot, from O.N. rot "root," from P.Gmc. *wrot, *vrot (with characteristic loss of -w- before -r-), from PIE *wrd-. The Old English cognate was wyrt "root, herb, plant" (see WORT (Cf. wort)); also cognate with L. radix. The usual Old English words for "root" were wyrttruma and wyrtwala.
Figurative use is from c.1200. Of teeth, hair, etc., from early 13c. Mathematical sense is from 1550s. Slang meaning "penis" is recorded from 1846. Root beer first recorded 1841, American English; root doctor is from 1821. Root cap is from 1875.
{{12}}root (v.3) "fixed or firmly attached by roots" (often figurative), late 14c., from ROOT (Cf. root) (n.); sense of "to pull up by the root" (now usually UPROOT (Cf. uproot)) also is from late 14c. Related: Rooted; rooting.
{{12}}root (v1.) "dig with the snout," 1530s, from M.E. wroten "dig with the snout," from O.E. wrotan, from P.Gmc. *wrotanan (Cf. O.N. rota, Swed. rota "to dig out, root," M.L.G. wroten, M.Du. wroeten, O.H.G. ruozian "to plow up"), cognate with L. rodere "to gnaw" (see RODENT (Cf. rodent)). Associated with the verb sense of ROOT (Cf. root) (n.). Extended sense of "poke about, pry" first recorded 1831. Phrase root hog or die "work or fail" first attested 1834, American English (in works of Davey Crockett, who noted it as an "old saying"). Reduplicated form rootin' tootin' "noisy, rambunctious" is recorded from 1875.
{{13}}root (v2.) "cheer, support," 1889, American English, originally in a baseball context, probably from ROOT (Cf. root) (v.1) via intermediate sense of "study, work hard" (1856). Related: Rooted; rooting.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • ROOT! — is an Australian rock group from Melbourne formed in 2007. Their music combines alt country, blues and indie rock with elements of spoken word, satire, social commentary and post modernism. They have gained attention through a band member being a …   Wikipedia

  • Root — Root, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort, and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See {Wort}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Root — (englisch für „Wurzel“) steht für: Root Konto – ein spezielles Benutzerkonto bei Computer Betriebssystemen Wurzelverzeichnis (englisch root directory) – ein spezielles Verzeichnis in einem Dateisystem, siehe Stammverzeichnis ROOT – ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • root — Ⅰ. root [1] ► NOUN 1) a part of a plant normally below ground, which acts as a support and collects water and nourishment. 2) the embedded part of a bodily organ or structure such as a hair. 3) (also root vegetable) a turnip, carrot, or other… …   English terms dictionary

  • root — root1 [ro͞ot, root] n. [ME rote < Late OE < ON rot, akin to OE wyrt, Ger wurzel < IE base * wrād , twig, root > Gr rhiza, L radix, root, ramus, branch] 1. the part of a plant, usually below the ground, that lacks nodes, shoots, and… …   English World dictionary

  • Root — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En sistemas operativos del tipo Unix, root es el nombre convencional de la cuenta de usuario que posee todos los derechos en todos los modos (mono o multi usuario). root es también llamado superusuario. Normalmente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Root — (от англ. root  корень; читается «рут»), или суперпользователь это специальный аккаунт в UNIX подобных системах с идентификатором (UID, User IDentifier) 0, владелец которого имеет право на выполнение всех без исключения операций.… …   Википедия

  • Root — (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rooted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Rooting}.] 1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow. [1913 Webster] In deep grounds the weeds root deeper. Mortimer. [1913 Webster] 2. To be firmly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • .root — es un dominio de primer nivel de Internet que se sabe que existe, pero del cual nunca se ha dado una explicación a su propósito. Aparentemente parece creado y mantenido por VeriSign, empresa que tiene en su poder algunos de los servidores raíz… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Root — Root, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout, trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r[ u]ssel snout, trunk, proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.] 1. To turn up the earth with the snout,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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