- prefect (n.) mid-14c., from O.Fr. prefect (12c.), from L. praefectus "public overseer, director," properly pp. of praeficere "to put in front, to set over, put in authority," from prae "in front, before" (see PRE- (Cf. pre-)) + root of facere (pp. factus) "to perform" (see FACTITIOUS (Cf. factitious)). Spelling restored from M.E. prefet. Meaning "administrative head of the Paris police" is from 1827; meaning "senior pupil designated to keep order in an English school" is from 1865.
Etymology dictionary. 2014.
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prefect — PREFÉCT, prefecţi, s.m. 1. (În Roma antică) Demnitar care conducea o prefectură (1). 2. (În vechea organizaţie administrativă a ţării) Şef al administraţiei şi poliţiei într un judeţ, care reprezenta aici puterea centrală. ♢ Prefect de poliţie… … Dicționar Român
Prefect — Pre fect, n. [L. praefectus, fr. praefectus, p. p. of praeficere to set over; prae before + facere to make: cf. F. pr[ e]fet.] 1. A Roman officer who controlled or superintended a particular command, charge, department, etc.; as, the prefect of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
prefect — Prefect, Praefectus … Thresor de la langue françoyse
prefect — ► NOUN 1) chiefly Brit. a senior pupil authorized to enforce discipline in a school. 2) a chief officer, magistrate, or regional governor in certain countries. DERIVATIVES prefectoral adjective prefectorial adjective. ORIGIN Latin praefectus,… … English terms dictionary
prefect — [prē′fekt΄] n. [ME prefecte < OFr < L praefectus, pp. of praeficere, to set over: see PRE & FY] 1. in ancient Rome, any of various high ranking officials or chief magistrates in charge of governmental or military departments 2. in modern… … English World dictionary
Prefect — This article is about the title. For the car, see Ford Prefect. For the literary character, see Ford Prefect (character). Prefect (from the Latin praefectus, perfect participle of praeficere: make in front , i.e., put in charge) is a magisterial… … Wikipedia
prefect — /pree fekt/, n. 1. a person appointed to any of various positions of command, authority, or superintendence, as a chief magistrate in ancient Rome or the chief administrative official of a department of France or Italy. 2. Rom. Cath. Ch. a. the… … Universalium
prefect — [[t]pri͟ːfekt[/t]] prefects 1) N COUNT In some schools, especially in Britain, a prefect is an older pupil who does special duties and helps the teachers to control the younger pupils. 2) N COUNT In some countries, a prefect is the head of the… … English dictionary
Prefect — The title of the governor of Egypt during the Roman Period. The official was directly appointed by the Roman emperor from the equestrian order, namely the nonsenatorial official class. As Egypt supplied most of Rome’s grain, it was essential… … Ancient Egypt
prefect — UK [ˈpriːfekt] / US [ˈprɪˌfekt] noun [countable] Word forms prefect : singular prefect plural prefects 1) in some schools in the UK, an older student who controls the activities of younger students and helps them to obey the rules 2) a public… … English dictionary