Orangemen secret society founded 1795 in Belfast to promote Protestant power in Northern Ireland, named for William of Orange (who became King William III of England and triumphed in Ireland at the head of a Protestant army at the Battle of the Boyne), of the German House of Nassau. His cousins and their descendants constitute the royal line of Holland.
The name is from the town of Orange on the Rhone in France, which became part of the Nassau principality in 1530. Its Roman name was Arausio, which is said in 19c. sources to be from aura "a breeze" and a reference to the north winds which rush down the valley, but perhaps this is folk etymology of a Celtic word. The name subsequently was corrupted to Auranche, then Orange. The town has no obvious association with the fruit other than being on the road from Marseilles to Paris, along which masses of oranges were transported to northern France and beyond. In this roundabout way the political/religious movement of Northern Irish Protestantism acquired an association with the color orange.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orangemen — can refer: Historically, to supporters of King William III of Orange. To members of the modern Orange Institution a Protestant fraternal organisation. To the former name of male sports teams of Syracuse University, now called the Orange. To the… …   Wikipedia

  • Orangemen — (spr. Orrändschmen, Oranienmänner), Parteiname, welchen die irländischen Katholiken den Protestanten gaben, als König Wilhelm III. von England in Irland landete, 1. Juli 1690 den Statthalter Jakobs II., am Boynefluß schlug u. sich im nächsten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orangemen — (Orrändschmänn), Orangelogen. Den ersten Namen führte nach Wilhelm III. von Oranien (s. Irland) seit 1689 die aristokrat. protest. Partei in Irland, entstanden aus eingewanderten Engländern, welche durch Confiscation den kath. Iren ihr… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Orangemen —   [ ɔrɪndʒmen; zu englisch Orange »Oranien«], Orani|er, die Anhänger der englisch protestantischen Herrschaft über Irland, Oranierorden …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ORANGEMEN —    a name given to an association of Protestants in Ireland instituted to uphold the Protestant succession to the crown, and the Protestant religion as settled at the Revolution of 1688, and which derives this name from William, the Prince of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Orangemen — Protestants of Northern Ireland; orig., followers of William of Orange …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Orangemen — n. name of the athletic teams at Syracuse University (USA) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • orangemen — n. member of a society set up in 1795 in Ireland to support Protestantism and the British sovereign; Protestant Irishman …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Orangemen's Day — July 12, celebrated by Protestants in Northern Ireland with the Orangemen s Day Parade, which remembers the Protestant success over James II and his Catholic supporters at the Battle of the Boyne …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Orangemen's Day — July 12, an annual celebration in Northern Ireland and certain cities having a large Irish section, esp. Liverpool, to mark both the victory of William III over James II at the Battle of the Boyne, July 1, 1690, and the Battle of Augbrim, July 12 …   Universalium

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