poly-

poly- comb. form meaning "many, much," from Gk. poly-, combining form of polys "much" (plural polloi); cognate with L. plus, from PIE root *ple- (Cf. Skt. purvi "much," prayah "mostly;" Avestan perena-, O.Pers. paru "much;" Gk. plethos "people, multitude, great number," pleres "full," polys "much, plenty," ploutos "wealth," plethein "be full;" Lith. pilus "full, abundant;" O.C.S. plunu; Goth. filu "much," O.N. fjöl-, O.E. fela, feola "much, many;" O.E. folgian; O.Ir. lan, Welsh llawn "full;" O.Ir. il, Welsh elu "much"), probably related to root *pele- "to spread." In chemical names, usually indicating a compound with a large number of atoms or molecules of the same kind (Cf. POLYMER (Cf. polymer)).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • poly(A) — poly(A) …   English syllables

  • poly(U) — poly(U) …   English syllables

  • poly — poly·acrylate; poly·acrylic; poly·acrylonitrile; poly·act; poly·actinal; poly·adel·phia; poly·adel·phous; poly·allel; poly·alphabetic; poly·amide; poly·amine; poly·an·dria; poly·an·dric; poly·an·drist; poly·an·dri·um; poly·an·drous; poly·an·dry;… …   English syllables

  • poly- — ♦ Élément, du gr. polus « nombreux; abondant » (⇒ multi , pluri ). ⊗ CONTR. Mon(o) , uni . ● poly Préfixe, du grec polus, nombreux, indiquant la multiplicité. (En chimie, indique qu un composé possède plusieurs fonctions, différentes ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Poly — Po ly, n. [L. polium, the name of a plant, perhaps Teucrium polium, Gr. ?.] (Bot.) A whitish woolly plant ({Teucrium Polium}) of the order {Labiat[ae]}, found throughout the Mediterranean region. The name, with sundry prefixes, is sometimes given …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • poly I:C — [päl′ē ī′sē′] n. 〚polyi( nosinic poly) c( ytidylic acid)〛 a synthetic RNA that promotes the production of interferon in the body * * * pol·y I:C (pŏlʹē īʹsēʹ) n. A synthetic polymer of inosine that resembles the RNA of infectious viruses and is… …   Universalium

  • poly I:C — päl ē ī sē n a synthetic 2 stranded RNA composed of one strand of polyinosinic acid and one strand of polycytidylic acid that induces interferon formation and has been used experimentally as an anticancer and antiviral agent called also poly I·po …   Medical dictionary

  • Poly- — Pol y [See {Full}, a.] A combining form or prefix from Gr. poly s, many; as, polygon, a figure of many angles; polyatomic, having many atoms; polychord, polyconic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • poly- — Präfix viel (z.B. polygam, Polyhistor) erw. bildg. ( ) Beschreibung von Affixen. Wurde in griechischen Entlehnungen ins Deutsche übernommen; sein Ursprung ist gr. polý. In den Fachsprachen beschränkt produktiv. ✎ Cottez (1980), 342f. griechisch… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • poły — poły* {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}ZOB. na poły {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

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