patriot (n.) 1590s, "compatriot," from M.Fr. patriote (15c.), from L.L. patriota "fellow-countryman" (6c.), from Gk. patriotes "fellow countryman," from patrios "of one's fathers," patris "fatherland," from pater (gen. patros) "father," with -otes, suffix expressing state or condition. Meaning "loyal and disinterested supporter of one's country" is attested from c.1600, but became an ironic term of ridicule or abuse from mid-18c. in England, so that Johnson, who at first defined it as "one whose ruling passion is the love of his country," in his fourth edition added, "It is sometimes used for a factious disturber of the government."
The name of patriot had become [c.1744] a by-word of derision. Horace Walpole scarcely exaggerated when he said that ... the most popular declaration which a candidate could make on the hustings was that he had never been and never would be a patriot. [Macaulay, "Horace Walpole," 1833]
Somewhat revived in reference to resistance movements in overrun countries in WWII, it has usually had a positive sense in Amer.Eng., where the phony and rascally variety has been consigned to the word patrioteer (1928). Oriana Fallaci ["The Rage and the Pride," 2002] marvels that Americans, so fond of PATRIOTIC (Cf. patriotic), patriot, and PATRIOTISM (Cf. patriotism), lack the root noun and are content to express the idea of patria by cumbersome compounds such as homeland. (Joyce, Shaw, and H.G. Wells all used patria as an English word early 20c., but it failed to stick.) Patriots' Day (April 19, anniversary of the 1775 skirmishes at Lexington and Concord Bridge) was observed as a legal holiday in Maine and Massachusetts from 1894.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • patriot — PATRIÓT, Ă, patrioţi, te, s.m. şi f. 1. Persoană care îşi iubeşte patria (1) şi luptă pentru apărarea şi prosperitatea ei. 2. (înv.) Persoană originară din aceeaşi patrie sau regiune cu altcineva; compatriot. [pr.: tri ot] – Din ngr. patriótis,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Patriot — Sm std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. patriote (auch: Landsmann ), dieses aus l. patriōta Landsmann , dieses aus gr. patriṓtēs, zu gr. pátrios vaterländisch, väterlich , zu gr. patriā f. Volk, Abstammung , zu gr. patḗr Stammvater,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Patriot — Patriot  в переводе с англ.: патриот, в качестве имени собственного может означать: Пэтриот  зенитный ракетный комплекс Patriot  фирма (производит флаш накопители) Patriot развлекательный интернет канал …   Википедия

  • Patriot — Patriot, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 202 Housing Units (2000): 108 Land area (2000): 0.222781 sq. miles (0.577001 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.037535 sq. miles (0.097216 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.260316 sq. miles (0.674217 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Patriot, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 202 Housing Units (2000): 108 Land area (2000): 0.222781 sq. miles (0.577001 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.037535 sq. miles (0.097216 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.260316 sq. miles (0.674217 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • patriot — patrìot (patriȍt) m DEFINICIJA 1. onaj koji voli domovinu i narod; rodoljub, domoljub 2. reg. onaj koji je iz istog kraja; zemljak ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Patriot ← fr. patriote ← lat. patriota ← grč. patriṓtēs: sunarodnjak, pripadnik roda …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Patriot — Pa tri*ot, a. Becoming to a patriot; patriotic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patriot — Pa tri*ot, n. [F. patriote; cf. Sp. patriota, It. patriotto; all fr. Gr. ? a fellow countryman, fr. ? established by forefathers, fr. ? father. See {Father}.] One who loves his country, and zealously supports its authority and interests. Bp. Hall …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patriot — (v. lat.), 1) ein Landeseingeborener; 2) ein mit Innigkeit an seinem Vaterlande hängender u. diese demselben durch zuvorkommende u. mit Freiheit geleistete Dienste bethätigender Staatsbürger; diese Bethätigung als eine der edelsten Tugenden heißt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Patrĭot — Patrĭot, s. Patriotismus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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