patriarch

patriarch (n.) late 12c., from O.Fr. patriarche "one of the Old Testament fathers" (11c.), from L.L. patriarcha (Tertullian), from Gk. patriarches "chief or head of a family," from patria "family, clan," from pater "father" (see FATHER (Cf. father) (n.)) + arkhein "to rule" (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)). Also used as an honorific title of certain bishops in the early Church, notably those of Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Patriarch — • The word patriarch as applied to Biblical personages comes from the Septuagint version . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Patriarch     Patriarch      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Patriarch — Pa tri*arch (p[=a] tr[i^]*[aum]rk), n. [F. patriarche, L. patriarcha, Gr. paria rchhs, fr. paria lineage, especially on the father s side, race; path r father + archo s a leader, chief, fr. a rchein to lead, rule. See {Father}, {Archaic}.] 1. The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patriarch — Sm Bischof, hoher Geistlicher std. (12. Jh.), mhd. patriarc[he], patriarke Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus kirchen l. patriarcha, patriarchēs, dieses aus gr. patriárchēs, eigentlich Stammesführer , zu gr. patriā Vaterland, Stamm , zu gr. patḗr… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Patriarch — (v. gr.), 1) Altvater, Haupt einer Familie; 2) (Erzväter), Stammväter der Geschlechter nach der Sündfluth, welche ein sehr hohes Alter erreichten; als P en bei den Hebräern galten Abraham, Isaak u. Jacob (s.d.a. unt. Hebräer, Gesch.). Solche P en …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • patriarch — [pā′trē ärk΄] n. [ME patriarche < OFr < LL(Ec) patriarcha < Gr(Ec) patriarchēs (transl. of Heb roshe avot) < Gr patria, family < patēr,FATHER + archēs < archein, to rule] 1. the father and ruler of a family or tribe, as one of… …   English World dictionary

  • Patriarch — (griech., »Altvater, Erzvater«), Name der Familienhäupter des biblischen Urgeschlechts und der Stammväter Israels bis auf die zwölf Söhne Jakobs. In der jüdischen Zeit führten die Vorsteher der Synedrien in Tiberias und Babylon diesen Ehrennamen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • patriarch — index ancestor, parents, precursor, predecessor, primogenitor Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Patriarch — Patriarch: Der Amts und Ehrentitel einiger höchster kirchlicher Würdenträger wurde in mhd. Zeit (mhd. patriarche, patriare) aus gleichbed. kirchenlat. patriarcha entlehnt, das seinerseits aus griech. patriárchēs »Stammvater, Sippenoberhaupt«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • patriarch — ► NOUN 1) the male head of a family or tribe. 2) a biblical figure regarded as a father of the human race, especially Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their forefathers, or the sons of Jacob. 3) a powerful or respected older man. 4) a high ranking… …   English terms dictionary

  • Patriarch — Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is called patriarchy. This is a Greek word, a composition of polytonic|πατήρ… …   Wikipedia

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