Nazi

Nazi 1930, noun and adjective, from Ger. Nazi, abbreviation of German pronunciation of Nationalsozialist (based on earlier Ger. sozi, popular abbreviaton of "socialist"), from Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei "National Socialist German Workers' Party," led by Hitler from 1920.
The 24th edition of Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (2002) says the word Nazi was favored in southern Germany (supposedly from c.1924) among opponents of National Socialism because the nickname Nazi (from the masc. proper name Ignatz, German form of IGNATIUS (Cf. Ignatius)) was used colloquially to mean "a foolish person, clumsy or awkward person." Ignatz was a popular name in Catholic Austria, and according to one source in World War I Nazi was a generic name in the German Empire for the soldiers of Austria-Hungary.
An older use of Nazi for national-sozial is attested in German from 1903, but EWdS does not think it contributed to the word as applied to Hitler and his followers. The NSDAP for a time attempted to adopt the Nazi designation as what the Germans call a "despite-word," but they gave this up, and the NSDAP is said to have generally avoided the term. Before 1930, party members had been called in English National Socialists, which dates from 1923. The use of Nazi Germany, Nazi regime, etc., was popularized by German exiles abroad. From them, it spread into other languages, and eventually was brought back to Germany, after the war. In the USSR, the terms national socialist and Nazi were said to have been forbidden after 1932, presumably to avoid any taint to the good word socialist. Soviet literature refers to fascists.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nazi — nazi …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Nazi- — Nazi …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • nazi — nazi, ie [ nazi ] n. et adj. • 1931; abrév. all. de national sozialist, d apr. sozi « socialiste » ♦ Membre du parti national socialiste allemand. ⇒ chemise (brune), hitlérien. Les Aryens, race supérieure dont font partie les Allemands, selon les …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • NAZI — ist die abgekürzte Bezeichnung für einen Anhänger des Nationalsozialismus und wird zumeist abfällig gebraucht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Begriffsgeschichte 2 Abweichende Begriffsverwendung im nichtdeutschen Sprachraum 3 Siehe auch 4 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nazi — Sm std. stil. (20. Jh.) Kunstbildung. Parodistische Analogiebildung zu Sozi für Sozialist (Sozialismus), beliebt bei den süddeutschen Gegnern des Nationalsozialismus wegen der Verwendung des Kurznamens Nazi (aus Ignatius) als Bezeichnung für eine …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • nazi- — [dal ted. Nazi nazi ]. Primo elemento di composti, in cui indica riferimento al nazismo …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • nazi — adjetivo 1. Del nacionalsocialismo: ideología nazi. adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Que es partidario del nacionalsocialismo: La muchedumbre nazi rugía frenética tras el discurso de su Führer. 2. Que tiene teorías o actitudes que son… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Nazi(s) —    Nazi is an acronym formed from the syllables of the words National and Socialist. Depending on the context, the term is used to describe the German government under Adolf Hitler as well as its policies and ideology. The word is also used to… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • nazi — (Del al. Nazi, y este acort. de Nationalsozialist, nacionalsocialista). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al nacionalsocialismo. 2. Partidario del nacionalsocialismo. U. t. c. s.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Nazi — [nät′sē, nat′sē] adj. [Ger < Nati(onalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), party name] designating, of, or characteristic of the German fascist political party (National Socialist Workers Party), founded in 1919 and abolished in 1945:… …   English World dictionary


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