park

{{11}}park (n.) mid-13c., "enclosed preserve for beasts of the chase," from O.Fr. parc, probably ultimately from W.Gmc. *parruk "enclosed tract of land" (Cf. O.E. pearruc, root of PADDOCK (Cf. paddock) (2), O.H.G. pfarrih "fencing about, enclosure," Ger. pferch "fold for sheep," Du. park).
Internal evidence suggests the West Germanic word is pre-4c. and originally meant the fencing, not the place enclosed. Found also in Medieval Latin as parricus "enclosure, park" (8c.), which is likely the direct source of the Old French word, as well as It. parco, Sp. parque, etc. Some claim the Medieval Latin word as the source of the West Germanic, but the reverse seems more likely. OED discounts notion of a Celtic origin. Welsh parc, Gael. pairc are from English.
Meaning "enclosed lot in or near a town, for public recreation" is first attested 1660s, originally in reference to London; the sense evolution is via royal parks in the original, hunting sense being overrun by the growth of London and being opened to the public. Applied to sporting fields in American English from 1867. New York's Park Avenue as an adjective meaning "luxurious and fashionable" (1956) was preceded in the same sense by London's Park Lane (1880). As a surname, Parker "keeper of a park" is attested in English from mid-12c.
{{12}}park (v.) 1812, "to arrange military vehicles in a park," from PARK (Cf. park) (n.) in a limited sense of "enclosure for military vehicles" (attested from 1680s). General non-military meaning "to put (a vehicle) in a certain place" is first recorded 1844. Related: Parked; parking. Parking lot is from 1924; parking ticket attested by 1925; park-and-ride is from 1966. The transmission gear (n.) is attested from 1963.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • park´er — park «pahrk», noun, verb. –n. 1. land set apart for the pleasure of the public: »Many cities have beautiful parks. Hyde Park is in London. A park may be only a tiny bit of green in a large city, with a few flowers, trees, and benches, or it may… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Park — (p[aum]rk), n. [AS. pearroc, or perh. rather fr. F. parc; both being of the same origin; cf. LL. parcus, parricus, Ir. & Gael. pairc, W. park, parwg. Cf. {Paddock} an inclosure, {Parrock}.] 1. (Eng. Law) A piece of ground inclosed, and stored… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PARK (R. E.) — PARK ROBERT EZRA (1864 1944) Si William I. Thomas doit être considéré comme le fondateur de l’école sociologique de Chicago, c’est Robert Park qui en devient la figure la plus marquante au cours des années 1920. Ce dernier n’entre pourtant à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Park — Park, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Parked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Parking}.] 1. To inclose in a park, or as in a park. [1913 Webster] How are we parked, and bounded in a pale. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mil.) To bring together in a park, or compact body; as, to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • park — pȁrk m <N mn pàrkovi> DEFINICIJA 1. omeđeno, pošumljeno zemljište u gradu ili izvan grada s planski zasađenim drvoredima, cvijetnjacima itd., namijenjeno za odmor i rekreaciju 2. ukupni inventar vozila ili strojeva kojim raspolaže kakvo… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • park — [pärk] n. [ME parc < OFr < ML parricus < Iberian * parra > Sp parra, trellis, grape vine] 1. Eng. Law Historical an enclosed area of land, held by royal grant or prescription, stocked and preserved for hunting 2. an area of land… …   English World dictionary

  • Park — Park, Chung Hee Park, Robert E. * * * (as used in expressions) Central Park Park, Mungo Park, Robert E(zra) Phoenix Park, asesinatos de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Park — Sm std. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. parc unter zusätzlichem Einfluß von dem (ebenfalls aus diesem entlehnten) ne. park ( Grünanlage und Fahrzeugpark ). In der Bedeutung Gehege war das Wort schon früher entlehnt worden. Das… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Park — Park: Mlat. parricus »eingeschlossener Raum, Gehege«, das früh ins Westgerm. entlehnt wurde (vgl. das Lehnwort ↑ Pferch), erscheint im Frz. als parc »eingeschlossener Raum; Tiergehege«. Aus frz. parc stammen sowohl gleichbed. it. parco, span.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • park — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż IIa, D. u {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} duży ogród założony sztucznie lub z wykorzystaniem naturalnych warunków przyrodniczych, z alejkami i ścieżkami spacerowymi oraz z innymi… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Park — (Ираклион,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Evrou 19, Ираклион, 71303, Греция Оп …   Каталог отелей

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