municipal

municipal (adj.) 1540s, from M.Fr. municipal, from L. municipalis "of a citizen of a free town, of a free town," also "of a petty town, provincial," from municipium "free town, city whose citizens have the privileges of Roman citizens but are governed by their own laws," from municeps "citizen, inhabitant of a free town." Second element is root of capere "assume, take" (see CAPABLE (Cf. capable)). First element is from munus (plural munia) "service performed for the community, duty, work," also "public spectacle paid for by the magistrate, (gladiatorial) entertainment, gift," from Old Latin moenus "service, duty, burden," from PIE *moi-n-es-, generally taken as a suffixed form of root *mei- "to change, go, move" (Watkins; see MUTABLE (Cf. mutable)); but Tucker says "more probably" from the other PIE root *mei- meaning "bind," so that munia = "obligations" and communis = "bound together."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • municipal — municipal, ale, aux [ mynisipal, o ] adj. • XVe; lat. municipalis, de municipium « municipe » 1 ♦ Antiq. rom. Relatif à un municipe. 2 ♦ (1527) Relatif à l administration d une commune. ⇒ communal. Conseil, conseiller municipal. Élections… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • municipal — mu·nic·i·pal 1 /myu̇ ni sə pəl/ adj 1: of or relating to the internal affairs of a major political unit (as a nation) was sentenced by a court of municipal, not international, jurisdiction compare domestic 2 a: of, relating to, or characteristic… …   Law dictionary

  • municipal — mu‧ni‧ci‧pal [mjuːˈnɪspl ǁ mjʊ ] adjective belonging to or connected with the government of a town or city: • Municipal budgets are under great strain. • a strike by municipal employees municipally adverb : • a municipally owned hospital * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • municipal — MUNICIPÁL, Ă, municipali, e, adj. Care aparţine unui municipiu, privitor la un municipiu, de municipiu. – Din fr. municipal. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  municipál adj. m., pl. municipáli; f. sg. municipálă …   Dicționar Român

  • municipal — (Del lat. municipālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al municipio. Ley, cargo municipal. 2. m. Individuo de la Guardia Municipal. ☛ V. Administración municipal, derecho municipal, guardia municipal, intendencia municipal, intendente municipal …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • municipal — municipal, ale (mu ni si pal, a l ) adj. 1°   Dans l antiquité romaine, qui appartient à un municipe. Cicéron était d origine municipale.    Par extension. •   Cet homme [à Athènes] par son testament, Selon les lois municipales, Leur laissa tout… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Municipal — Mu*nic i*pal, a. [L. municipalis, fr. municipium a town, particularly in Italy, which possessed the right of Roman citizenship, but was governed by its own laws, a free town, fr. municeps an inhabitant of a free town, a free citizen; munia… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • municipal — adjetivo 1. Del municipio: régimen municipal, administración municipal. sustantivo masculino,f. 1. Uso/registro: coloquial. Agente de la guardia urbana: Los municipales me han puesto una multa por aparcar mal. guardia* municipal / urbano.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • municipal — adj. 2 g. 1. Do município ou a ele relativo. = CONCELHIO 2. Da câmara municipal. = CAMARÁRIO • s. m. 3.  [Popular] Soldado da antiga Guarda Municipal. • s. f. 4.  [Popular] A antiga Guarda Municipal …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • municipal — MUNICIPAL, [municip]ale. adj. Qui appartient à la coustume d un pays particulier. Le droit municipal. les Loix municipales de chaque pays …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.