{{11}}mortar (1) "mixture of cement," late 13c., from O.Fr. mortier "builder's mortar, plaster; bowl for mixing" (13c.), from L. mortarium "mortar," also "crushed drugs," probably the same word as mortarium "bowl for mixing or pounding" (see MORTAR (Cf. mortar) (2)). Dutch mortel, Ger. Mörtel are from Latin or French.
{{12}}mortar (2) "bowl for pounding," c.1300, from O.Fr. mortier "bowl; builder's mortar," from L. mortarium "bowl for mixing or pounding," also "material prepared in it," of unknown origin and impossible now to determine which sense was original (Watkins says probably from PIE root *mer- "to rub away, harm;" see MORBID (Cf. morbid)). Late Old English had mortere, from the same Latin source, which might also be a source of the modern word. German Mörser also is from Latin.
{{12}}mortar (3) "short cannon," 1550s, originally mortar-piece, from M.Fr. mortier "short cannon," in Old French, "bowl for mixing or pounding" (see MORTAR (Cf. mortar) (2)). So called for its shape.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mortar — Mor tar, n. [OE. morter, AS. mort[=e]re, L. mortarium: cf. F. mortier mortar. Cf. sense 2 (below), also 2d {Mortar}, {Martel}, {Morter}.] 1. A strong vessel, commonly in form of an inverted bell, in which substances are pounded or rubbed with a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mortar — Mor tar, n. [OE. mortier, F. mortier, L. mortarium mortar, a large basin or trough in which mortar is made, a mortar (in sense 1, above). See 1st {Mortar}.] (Arch.) A building material made by mixing lime, cement, or plaster of Paris, with sand,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mortar — has several meanings: Mortar (masonry), material used in masonry to fill the gaps between blocks and bind them together. Mortar (weapon) fires shells at a much lower velocity and higher ballistic arc than other ordnance. Mortar (firestop),… …   Wikipedia

  • mortar — MORTÁR, mortare, s.n. Material de construcţie constituit dintr un amestec de var, nisip, apă, ciment sau ipsos etc., care se foloseşte ca element de legătură între materiale de construcţie solide. – Din lat. mortarium. Trimis de ana zecheru,… …   Dicționar Român

  • mortar — ► NOUN 1) a mixture of lime with cement, sand, and water, used to bond bricks or stones. 2) a cup shaped receptacle in which substances are crushed or ground with a pestle. 3) a short cannon for firing shells at high angles. ► VERB 1) fix or bond …   English terms dictionary

  • mortar — [môrt′ər] n. [ME mortere < OE mortere & OFr mortier, both < L mortarium, mixing vessel or trough < IE * mṛtos, pulverized < base * mer , to rub: see MORBID] 1. a very hard bowl in which softer substances are ground or pounded to a… …   English World dictionary

  • Mortar — Mor tar, v. t. To plaster or make fast with mortar. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mortar — Mor tar, n. [F. mortier. See {Mortar} a vessel.] A chamber lamp or light. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mortar — index cement Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • mortar — mortar1 /mawr teuhr/, n. 1. a receptacle of hard material, having a bowl shaped cavity in which substances are reduced to powder with a pestle. 2. any of various mechanical appliances in which substances are pounded or ground. 3. a cannon very… …   Universalium

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