morpheme

morpheme (n.) "part of a word which contains the affixes," 1896, from Ger. morpheme, coined 1895 by Polish-born linguist Jan Baudouin de Courtenay (1845–1929), from Gk. morphe "form, shape" (see MORPHEUS (Cf. Morpheus)), on analogy of phonème.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • MORPHÈME — Le terme morphème a au moins trois sens différents en linguistique. On l’a d’abord employé pour désigner l’unité repérable dans un complexe morphologique où se découpaient un élément porteur de sens (appelé lexème; parfois, mais plus rarement,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Morpheme — Morphème En linguistique, on définit généralement[1] un morphème comme la plus petite unité porteuse de sens qu il soit possible d isoler dans un énoncé. De même que le phonème, le morphème est une entité abstraite susceptible de se réaliser de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • morpheme — mor pheme (m[^o]r f[=e]m), n. (Linguistics) The smallest unit of meaning of a language, which cannot be divided into smaller parts carrying meaning; it is usually smaller than a single wordform, such as the ed morpheme of verbs in the past tense… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • morpheme — [môr′fēm΄] n. [Fr morphème < Gr morphē, form + Fr ème, as in phonème,PHONEME] the smallest meaningful unit or form in a language: it may be an affix (Ex.: un in undo or er in doer) or a base (Ex.: do in undo) morphemic adj. morphemically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Morpheme — Examples Unbreakable comprises three morphemes: un (a bound morpheme signifying not ), break (the root, a free morpheme), and able (a bound morpheme signifying doable ). Allomorphs of the plural morpheme for regular nouns: /s/ (e.g. in cats… …   Wikipedia

  • Morphème — En linguistique, on définit généralement[1] un morphème comme la plus petite unité porteuse de sens qu il soit possible d isoler dans un énoncé. De même que le phonème, le morphème est une entité abstraite susceptible de se réaliser de plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • morpheme — morphemic, adj. morphemically, adv. /mawr feem/, n. Ling. any of the minimal grammatical units of a language, each constituting a word or meaningful part of a word, that cannot be divided into smaller independent grammatical parts, as the, write …   Universalium

  • morpheme — mor|pheme [ˈmo:fi:m US ˈmo:r ] n [Date: 1800 1900; : French; Origin: morphème, from Greek morphe form + English eme (as in phoneme)] technical the smallest unit of meaning in a language. The words so , the and boy consist of one morpheme. Boys… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • morpheme — UK [ˈmɔː(r)fiːm] / US [ˈmɔrˌfɪm] noun [countable] Word forms morpheme : singular morpheme plural morphemes linguistics the smallest unit of meaning in a language. A morpheme can be a whole word, for example the , or part of a word, for example un …   English dictionary

  • morpheme — noun /ˈmɔː(r)fiːm/ The smallest linguistic unit within a word that can carry a meaning, such as un , break , and able in the word unbreakable . The word pigs consists of two morphemes: pig (a particular animal) and s (indication of the plural).… …   Wiktionary

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