- Manichaeism 1550s, "the religion of the Manichees" (late 14c.) a Gnostic Christian sect named for its founder, Mani (L. Manichæus), c.215-275, Syriac-speaking apostle from a Jesus cult in Mesopotamia in 240s, who taught a universal religion. Vegetarian and visionary, they saw "particles of light and goodness" trapped in evil matter and regarded Satan as co-eternal with God. The universe was a scene of struggle between good and evil. The sect was characterized by dualism and a double-standard of perfectionist "elects" and a larger group of fellow travelers who would require several reincarnations before their particles of light would be liberated.
Etymology dictionary. 2014.
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Manichaeism — or Manicheism [man′i kē΄iz΄əm] n. a dualistic religion that combined Zoroastrian, Christian, Gnostic, and other beliefs in a theology of cosmic struggle between Good (light, God, spirit) and Evil (darkness, Satan, matter): it was founded by Mani… … Universalium
MANICHAEISM — MANICHAEISM, a system of religious beliefs and doctrines named after Mani or Manes (c. 215–275), who lived and taught in Persia. In his youth he seems to have associated with Jewish Christian (Elchasaite) sectarians. Manes was put to death for… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Manichaeism — Man i*ch[ae]*ism, Manicheism Man i*che*ism, n. [Cf. F. manich[ e]isme.] The doctrines taught, or system of principles maintained, by the Manich[ae]ans. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Manichaeism — Manichæism † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Manichæism Manichæism is a religion founded by the Persian Mani in the latter half of the third century. It purported to be the true synthesis of all the religious systems then known, and actually… … Catholic encyclopedia
Manichaeism — or Manicheism [man′i kē΄iz΄əm] n. a dualistic religion that combined Zoroastrian, Christian, Gnostic, and other beliefs in a theology of cosmic struggle between Good (light, God, spirit) and Evil (darkness, Satan, matter): it was founded by Mani… … English World dictionary
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Manichaeism — was one of the major ancient religions. Though its organized form is mostly extinct today, a revival has been attempted under the name of Neo Manichaeism. However, most of the writings of the founding prophet Mani have been lost. Some scholars… … Mini philosophy glossary
Manichaeism — This term (from Manichaeus, the Latin form of Mani or Manes [ca. AD 216 276], a Persian religious leader) refers to a third century syncretistic religious movement that quickly gained adherents, including the young Saint Augustine (354 430),… … Glossary of theological terms
Manichaeism — A syncretistic religion, Manichaeism is based on the revelations of the Babylonian prophet Mani (21677 ce), which combined themes from Judaism, Christianity, Greek mystery religions, Buddhism and a striking Zoroastrian dualism. Mani taught a… … Christian Philosophy