Latin

{{11}}Latin (adj.) O.E. latin, from L. Latinus "belonging to Latium," the region of Italy around Rome, possibly from PIE root *stela- "to spread, extend," with a sense of "flat country" (as opposed to the mountainous district of the Sabines), or from a prehistoric non-IE language. The Latin adjective also was used of the Roman language and people.
Centurion: What's this, then? ‘People called Romanes they go the house?'
Brian: It ... it says, ‘Romans, go home.'
Centurion [thrashing him like a schoolboy]: No, it doesn't. ‘Go home?' This is motion towards. Isn't it, boy?
Brian: Ah ... ah, dative, sir! Ahh! No, not dative! Not the dative, sir! No! Ah! Oh, the ... accusative! Domum, sir! Ah! Oooh! Ah!
Centurion [pulling him by the ear]: Except that domum takes the ...?
Brian: The locative, sir!
[Monty Python, "Life of Brian"]
Used as a designation for "people whose languages descend from Latin" (1856), hence Latin America (1862). The Latin Quarter (Fr. Quartier latin) of Paris, on the south (left) bank of the Seine, was the site of university buildings in the Middle Ages, hence the place where Latin was spoken. The surname Latimer, Lattimore, etc. is from V.L. latimarus, from L. latinarius "interpreter," lit. "a speaker of Latin."
{{12}}Latin (n.) "the language of the (ancient) Romans," O.E. latin, from L. latinium (see LATIN (Cf. Latin) (adj.)). The more common form in O.E. was læden, from V.L. *ladinum, probably influenced by O.E. leoden "language."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • latin — latin, ine [ latɛ̃, in ] adj. et n. • 1160; lat. latinus I ♦ Adj. 1 ♦ Antiq. Du Latium. 2 ♦ Des provinces ou des peuples soumis à la domination de Rome et auxquels elle a imposé sa langue et sa civilisation. ⇒ romain. Les peuples latins, et n.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • latin — latin, ine (la tin, ti n ) s. m. et f. 1°   Nom d un ancien peuple de l Italie, qui habitait le Latium, contrée située entre l Étrurie et la Campanie, et que Rome finit par conquérir et s associer.    Plus tard, Latin est devenu le nom de tous… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • latin — LATÍN, Ă, latini, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Persoană care făcea parte din populaţia de bază a vechiului ţinut Latium din Italia sau era originară de acolo. 2. adj. Care aparţine latinilor (1) sau Latiumului, privitor la latini sau la… …   Dicționar Român

  • latin — LATIN. adv. On ne met point icy ce mot comme un nom de peuple & de pays, mais seulement à cause des autres usages qu il a dans nostre Langue. On appelle, l Université, Le Pays Latin: Et ainsi on dit, Cela sent le Pays Latin, pour dire, Cela sent… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • latín — (Del lat. Latine, en latín). 1. m. Lengua del Lacio hablada por los antiguos romanos, de la cual derivan las actuales lenguas romances. 2. Voz o frase latina empleada en escrito o discurso español. U. m. en pl. U. m. en sent. peyor.) latín… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Latin — Lat in, n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Latium; a Roman. [1913 Webster] 2. The language of the ancient Romans. [1913 Webster] 3. An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin. [Obs.] Ascham. [1913 Webster] 4. (Eccl.) A member… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • latín — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: linguística Lengua hablada en el Imperio Romano de la cual proceden las lenguas románicas: Del latín proceden las lenguas de España, excepto el vasco. latín clásico Latín en que escribían los grandes escritores como… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Latin — Lat in, a. [F., fr. L. Latinus belonging to Latium, Latin, fr. Latium a country of Italy, in which Rome was situated. Cf. {Ladin}, Lateen sail, under {Lateen}.] 1. Of or pertaining to Latium, or to the Latins, a people of Latium; Roman; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Latin — [lat′ n] adj. [L Latinus < Latium, Latium (in which Rome was included), orig. ? “flat land” < IE * tletiom < base * (s)tel , to spread out > L latus, broad] 1. of ancient Latium or its people 2. of ancient Rome or its people 3. of or… …   English World dictionary

  • Latin — ► NOUN 1) the language of ancient Rome and its empire. 2) a person from a country whose language developed from Latin, e.g. a Latin American. ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to the Latin language. 2) relating to countries using languages that developed… …   English terms dictionary

  • latín — latín, saber latín expr. astuto, listo. ❙ «La Amparito, que sabía mucho latín, dio las gracias...» Jose Vicente Torrente, Los sucesos de Santolaria. ❙ «El gachó ése sabe latín.» Pedro Casals, Disparando cocaína …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

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