ketchup

ketchup (n.) 1711, said to be from Malay kichap, but probably not original to Malay. It might have come from Chinese koechiap "brine of fish," which, if authentic, perhaps is from the Chinese community in northern Vietnam [Terrien de Lacouperie, in "Babylonian and Oriental Record," 1889, 1890]. Catsup (earlier catchup, 1680s) is a failed attempt at Anglicization, still in use in U.S., influenced by cat and sup.
Originally a fish sauce, the word came to be used in English for a wide variety of spiced gravies and sauces; "Apicius Redivivus; or, the Cook's Oracle," by William Kitchiner, London, 1817, devotes 7 pages to recipes for different types of catsup (his book has 1 spelling of ketchup, 72 of catsup), including walnut, mushroom, oyster, cockle and mussel, tomata, white (vinegar and anchovies figure in it), cucumber, and pudding catsup. Chambers's Encyclopaedia (1870) lists mushroom, walnut, and tomato ketchup as "the three most esteemed kinds." Tomato ketchup emerged c.1800 in U.S., predominated from early 20c.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ketchup — (auch Ketschup) ist eine Würzsauce, die aus Tomatenmark, Essig, Zucker, Speisesalz und Gewürzen besteht und in verschiedenen Variationen und Geschmacksrichtungen angeboten wird. Der oder das Ketchup findet häufig Verwendung im Fastfood Bereich,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kétchup — orgánico. Paquete monodosis de kétchup. El kétchup, también conocido como salsa de tomate en …   Wikipedia Español

  • ketchup — [ kɛtʃɶp ] n. m. • 1873; calchup 1826; catsup 1821; mot angl. (catchup 1690; ketchup 1711), probablt du chin. kôetchiap ou malais kêchap ♦ Sauce à base de tomates, légèrement vinaigrée et sucrée, de couleur rouge orangé. Une bouteille de ketchup …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ketchup — Smn std. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. ketchup, dieses aus chin. kôechiap, kêtsiap Fischtunke .    Ebenso ne. ketchup, nfrz. ketchup, nndl. ketchup, nschw. ketchup, nnorw. ketchup. ✎ Rey Debove/Gagnon (1988), 468; Carstensen 2 (1994),… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • ketchup — KÉTCHUP s.n. Sos picant preparat din suc de roşii, oţet şi mirodenii. [pr.: chéciăp] – cuv. engl. Trimis de cata, 14.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  KETCHUP [pr.: chéci ăp] n. Sos picant preparat din suc de roşii, oţet şi mirodenii. / cuv. engl …   Dicționar Român

  • ketchup — ketch up, n. [Probably of East Indian origin, because it was originally a kind of East Indian pickles. Cf. also Malay k[e^]chap fish sauce. MW10.] A pureed table sauce made predominantly from tomatoes, flavored with onions, sugar, salt and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kétchup — ‘Salsa de tomate condimentada con vinagre y especias’. Es voz de origen chino, que el español ha tomado del inglés, lengua en la que se escribe de tres formas: ketchup la más cercana a la etimología y única usada en el inglés británico , catchup… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Ketchup — Ketchup: Die Bezeichnung für »pikante Würztunke« ist eine junge Entlehnung des 20. Jh.s aus engl. ketchup (catchup, catsup), das wohl auf malai. kĕchap »gewürzte Fischtunke« zurückgeht …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • ketchup — [kech′əp] n. [? via Malay kēchap, a fish sauce < Chin ke tsiap] a sauce for meat, fish, etc.; esp., a thick sauce (tomato ketchup) made of tomatoes flavored with onion, salt, sugar, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Ketchup — (engl.), s. Catchup …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.