kaput

kaput 1895, "finished, worn out, dead," from Ger. kaputt, probably a misunderstanding of the phrase capot machen, a partial translation of Fr. faire capot, lit. "to make a bonnet," a phrase said in some etymological sources to mean "lose all the tricks in piquet" an obsolete card game. Popularized during World War I.
"Kaput" -- a slang word in common use which corresponds roughly to the English "done in," the French "fichu." Everything enemy was "kaput" in the early days of German victories. [F. Britten Austin, "According to Orders," New York, 1919]
From Fr. capot, lit. "cover, bonnet," also the name of a type of greatcloak worn by sailors and soldiers, and faire capot also meant in French marine jargon "to overset in a squall when under sail." The card-playing sense attested in German only from 1690s, but capot in the transferred sense of "destroyed, ruined, lost" is attested from 1640s. [see William Jervis Jones, "A Lexicon of French Borrowings in the German Vocabulary (1575-1648)," Berlin, de Gruyter, 1976]. In Hoyle and other English gaming sources, faire capot is "to win all the tricks," and a different phrase, être capot, "to be a bonnet," is sometimes cited as the term for losing them. The sense reversal in German in the card-playing term might be explained because if someone wins all the tricks someone else has to lose them, and the same word capot, when it entered English from French in the mid-17c. meant "to score a cabot against; to win all the tricks from."
"There are others, says a third, that have played with my Lady Lurewell at picquet besides my lord; I have capotted her myself two or three times in an evening." [George Farquhar (1677-1707), "Sir Harry Wildair"]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • kaput — kàpūt m <G kapúta> DEFINICIJA odjevni predmet, nosi se preko druge odjeće (npr. preko odijela) za zaštitu od hladnoće [kratki kaput; dugi kaput; zimski kaput] ETIMOLOGIJA tal. cappotto …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kaput — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}wykrz., pot. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} okrzyk oznaczający przegraną, koniec, klęskę : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}No i kaput. Wszystko przepadło. Kaput! Już po telewizorze, zepsuty. <niem.> {{/stl 10}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • kaput — [kə poot′, kəpo͞ot′] adj. [Ger kaputt, lost, ruined, broken < Fr (faire) capot, to lose all tricks (as in piquet) < capster, to capsize] Slang ruined, destroyed, defeated, etc. [the toaster is kaput] …   English World dictionary

  • Kaput [1] — Kaput, so v.w. Capote …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kaput [2] — Kaput, Dorf im Kreise Zauch Belzig des preußischen Regierungsbezirks Potsdam, 600 Ew.; das vormalige königliche Lustschloß ist von Friedrich II. 1764 zu einer Türkisch Garnfärberei eingerichtet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kaput — Kaput, S. Caput …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • kaput — ● kaput adjectif invariable (allemand kaputt, abîmé) Familier Qui est cassé, hors d usage. Qui est épuisé, mort, hors de combat …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kàpūt — m 〈G kapúta〉 dio odjeće, nosi se preko druge odjeće (npr. preko odijela) za zaštitu od hladnoće [kratki ∼; dugi ∼; zimski ∼] ✧ {{001f}}tal …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • kaput — kapȕt prid. DEFINICIJA reg. 1. koji je iscrpljen, na izmaku snaga 2. koji se pokvario (ob. o spravama) ETIMOLOGIJA njem. kaputt ≃ fr. capot …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kaput — [adj] ruined, wrecked all washed up*, belly up*, burned out, cooked*, dead*, destroyed, done for, down and out, down for the count*, down the drain*, down the tubes*, finished, floored, had it, nonfunctioning, on the skids*, out of business, out… …   New thesaurus

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