judiciary

judiciary (adj.) "relating to courts," early 15c., from L. iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment," from iudicem (see JUDGE (Cf. judge) (v.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802 (judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • judiciary — ju·di·cia·ry /ju̇ di shē ˌer ē, di shə rē/ n pl ries 1 a: a system of courts of law b: the judges of these courts 2: a branch of government in which judicial power is vested compare executive …   Law dictionary

  • judiciary — ju‧di‧cia‧ry [dʒuːˈdɪʆri ǁ ʆieri, ʆri] noun [singular] LAW all the judges in a country: • It is important to preserve an independent judiciary. • the Federal judiciary * * * judiciary UK US /dʒuːˈdɪʃəri/ US  /dʒuːˈdɪʃieri/ noun [C, usually… …   Financial and business terms

  • Judiciary — Ju*di cia*ry, n. [Cf. LL. judiciaria, F. judiciaire.] That branch of government in which judicial power is vested; the system of courts of justice in a country; the judges, taken collectively; as, an independent judiciary; the senate committee on …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judiciary — Ju*di cia*ry (?; 277), a. [L. judiciarius, fr. judicium judgment: cf. F. judiciare. See {Judicial}.] Of or pertaining to courts of judicature, or legal tribunals; judicial; as, a judiciary proceeding. Bp. Burnet. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judiciary — ► NOUN (pl. judiciaries) (usu. the judiciary) ▪ the judicial authorities of a country …   English terms dictionary

  • judiciary — judicial, juridical, juristic …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • judiciary — [jo͞o dish′ē er΄ē; jo͞odish′ər ē, jo͞o dish′ē ə rē] adj. [L judiciarius < judicium, judgment, court of justice < judex: see JUDGE] of judges, law courts, or their functions n. pl. judiciaries 1. the part of government whose work is the… …   English World dictionary

  • Judiciary — Justitia, symbol of the judiciary.[1][2] The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or judicature) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of t …   Wikipedia

  • judiciary — judiciarily, adv. /jooh dish ee er ee, dish euh ree/, n., pl. judiciaries, adj. n. 1. the judicial branch of government. 2. the system of courts of justice in a country. 3. judges collectively. adj. 4. pertaining to the judicial branch or system… …   Universalium

  • judiciary — noun Etymology: judiciary, adjective, from Latin judiciarius judicial, from judicium Date: 1787 1. a. a system of courts of law b. the judges of these courts 2. a branch of government in which judicial power is vested • judiciary adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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