holocaust

holocaust mid-13c., "sacrifice by fire, burnt offering," from Gk. holokauston "a thing wholly burnt," neut. of holokaustos "burned whole," from holos "whole" (see HOLO- (Cf. holo-)) + kaustos, verbal adjective of kaiein "to burn." Originally a Bible word for "burnt offerings," given wider sense of "massacre, destruction of a large number of persons" from 1833. The Holocaust "Nazi genocide of European Jews in World War II," first recorded 1957, earlier known in Hebrew as Shoah "catastrophe." The word itself was used in English in reference to Hitler's Jewish policies from 1942, but not as a proper name for them.
Auschwitz makes all too clear the principle that the human psyche can create meaning out of anything. [Robert Jay Lifton, "The Nazi Doctors"]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holocaust —    The word derives from Greek and Latin and is translated as “something wholly burnt up” and, in its broader meaning, “a total destruction.” The Holocaust refers to the Nazi objective of annihilating every Jewish man, woman, and child who fell… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Holocaust — • As suggested by its Greek origin (holos whole , and kaustos burnt ) the word designates an offering entirely consumed by fire, in use among the Jews and some pagan nations of antiquity. [Definition from 1910.] Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • holocaust — HOLOCÁUST, holocausturi, s.n. 1. (În antichitate) Jertfă adusă zeilor, în care animalul sacrificat era ars în întregime. ♦ fig. Ofrandă, sacrificiu. 2. Ucidere (prin ardere) a unui foarte mare număr de oameni. [pr.: ca ust. – var.: olocáust s.n.] …   Dicționar Român

  • Holocaust — Sm Völkermord, besonders an den Juden in der Nazizeit per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. holocaust; dort übertragen aus einem biblischen Wort für Brandopfer (aus l. holocaustum n., gr. holokaútōma n., zu gr. hólos ganz,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • holocaust — [hä′lə käst΄; hō′lə kôst΄, hô′lə kôst΄] n. [ME < OFr holocauste < LL(Ec) holocaustum, a whole burnt offering < Gr holokauston (neut. of holokaustos), burnt whole < holos, whole (see HOLO ) + kaustos, burnt: see CAUSTIC] 1. an offering …   English World dictionary

  • Holocaust — Hol o*caust, n. [L. holocaustum, Gr. ?, neut. of ?, ?, burnt whole; o los whole + kaysto s burnt, fr. kai ein to burn (cf. {Caustic}): cf. F. holocauste.] 1. A burnt sacrifice; an offering, the whole of which was consumed by fire, among the Jews… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Holocaust — Жанры Хеви метал Годы 1977 наше время Страна …   Википедия

  • holocaust — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. holokaust] {{/stl 7}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. holocaustuście, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} zagłada, całkowite zniszczenie (zwłaszcza w odniesieniu do masowej zagłady żydów, przeprowadzonej przez nazistów w czasie II… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • holocaust — ► NOUN 1) destruction or slaughter on a mass scale. 2) (the Holocaust) the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime in World War II. ORIGIN from Greek kaustos burnt …   English terms dictionary

  • holocaust — index atrocity, cataclysm, catastrophe, disaster, havoc, shambles Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.