hemp

hemp O.E. hænep "hemp, cannabis sativa," from P.Gmc. *hanapiz (Cf. O.S. hanap, O.N. hampr, O.H.G. hanaf, Ger. Hanf), probably a very early Germanic borrowing of the same Scythian word that became Gk. kannabis (see CANNABIS (Cf. cannabis)). As the name of the fiber made from the plant, by c.1300. Slang sense of "marijuana" dates from 1940s; though scientific use for the narcotic derived from hemp dates to 1870.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hemp — (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka nnabis, ka nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some other… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hemp — A fibre obtained from the stalk of the plant Cannibis sativa. It is inferior in quality to flax, but stronger and easily bleached. It is grown in India, Italy, Russia, Poland and many other countries. The better grades are used in the manufacture …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • HEMP — HEMP, the plant Cannabis sativa called kanbus in talmudic literature. The Mishnah speaks of its fibers as being woven with or without linen (Kil. 9:1). The prohibition of sha atnez ( the mixture of wool and linen ) did not apply to coarse… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • hemp — [hemp] n. [ME < OE hænep (akin to Ger hanf, Du hennep) < PGmc * hanapa < * kanab , a pre Gmc borrowing < a (? Scythian) base > Gr kannabis: akin ? to Sumerian kunibu, hemp] 1. a) a tall Asiatic herb (Cannabis sativa) of the hemp… …   English World dictionary

  • hemp — n 1) a tall widely cultivated Asian herb of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa) with strong woody fiber used esp. for cordage 2) the fiber of hemp 3) a psychoactive drug (as marijuana or hashish) from hemp * * * n. see cannabis …   Medical dictionary

  • hemp — /hɛmp / (say hemp) noun 1. a tall, annual herb, Cannabis sativa, native to Asia, but cultivated in many parts of the world, and yielding hashish, bhang, cannabin, etc. 2. the tough fibre of this plant used for making coarse fabrics, ropes, etc. 3 …   Australian English dictionary

  • hemp — [ hemp ] noun uncount a plant with strong stems used for making rope. The drug MARIJUANA is made from some types of hemp …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hemp — n. type of plant native to Asia; fiber from the hemp plant (used to make rope or twine); hashish, marijuana, narcotic substance from the hemp plant …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hemp|en — «HEHM puhn», adjective. 1. made of hemp. 2. of or like hemp …   Useful english dictionary

  • hemp — [hemp] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: hAnep] a type of plant that is used to make rope and sometimes to produce the drug ↑cannabis …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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