Hesperus

Hesperus late 14c., poetic for "the evening star," from L. Hesperus, from Gk. hesperos (aster) "western (star)," from PIE *wes-pero- "evening, night" (see VESPER (Cf. vesper)). Hence also Hesperides (1590s), from Greek, "daughters of the West," the nymphs (variously numbered but originally three) who tended the garden with the golden apples. Their name has been mistakenly transferred to the garden itself.
The Hesperides were daughters of Atlas, an enormous giant, who, as the ancients believed, stood upon the western confines of the earth, and supported the heavens on his shoulders. Their mother was Hesperis, a personification of the "region of the West," where the sun continued to shine after he had set on Greece, and where, as travellers told, was an abundance of choice delicious fruits, which could only have been produced by a special divine influence. The Gardens of the Hesperides with the golden apples were believed to exist in some island in the ocean, or, as it was sometimes thought, in the islands on the north or west coast of Africa. They were far-famed in antiquity; for it was there that springs of nectar flowed by the couch of Zeus, and there that the earth displayed the rarest blessings of the gods; it was another Eden. As knowledge increased with regard to western lands, it became necessary to move this paradise farther and farther out into the Western Ocean. [Alexander Murray, "Manual of Mythology," 1888]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Hesperus — Научная классификация промежуточные ранги Царство:  …   Википедия

  • Hesperus — Hes pe*rus, n. [L. See {Hesper}.] 1. Venus when she is the evening star; Hesper. [1913 Webster] 2. Evening. [Poetic] [1913 Webster] The Sun was sunk, and after him the Star Of Hesperus. Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hespĕrus — (Astron.), s. Hesperos …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hesperus — Hesperus, siehe Abendstern …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Hesperus — Hesperus, griech. lat., der Morgen u. Abendstern, nach der griech. Mythe ein Sohn der Aurora und Asträa (die Griechen erkannten frühe, daß Morgen und Abendstern derselbe Stern sei); aus dem Orient kam in späterer Zeit die Zueignung des H. an die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hesperus — [hes′pər əs] n. [L < Gr Hesperos: see HESPERIAN] the evening star, esp. Venus …   English World dictionary

  • Hesperus — In Greek mythology, Hesperus (Greek gr. Ἓσπερος Hesperos ) (Roman equivalent: Vesper cf. evening , supper , evening star , west [Collins Latin Dictionary plus Grammar, p. 231. ISBN 0 06 053690 X)] ), the Evening Star is the son of the dawn… …   Wikipedia

  • Hesperus, S. — S. Hesperus, M. (2. Mai). Der hl. Sclave Hesperus (nach dem Mart. Rom. Exuperius) litt mit seiner Ehefrau Boë und seinen Söhnen Cyriacus21 und Theodulus in der Stadt Attalia (nun Antalia) in Pamphylien. Die letztern, von den sorgsamen Eltern im… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Hesperus — He|spe|rus auch: Hẹs|pe|rus 〈m.; ; unz.; grch. Myth.〉 = Hesperos * * * Hẹs|pe|ros, Hẹs|pe|rus, der; <meist o. Art.> [lat. Hesperus, Hesperos < griech. hésperos] (griech. Mythol.): der Abendstern. * * * Hẹs|pe|ros, Hẹs|pe|rus, der;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hesperus — Venus Ve nus, n. [L. Venus, eris, the goddess of love, the planet Venus.] 1. (Class. Myth.) The goddess of beauty and love, that is, beauty or love deified. [1913 Webster] 2. (Anat.) One of the planets, the second in order from the sun, its orbit …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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