gloss

{{11}}gloss (n.1) "luster," 1530s, from Scandinavian (Cf. Icelandic glossi "flame," related to glossa "to flame"), or obsolete Du. gloos "a glowing," from M.H.G. glos; probably ultimately from the same source as O.E. glowan (see GLOW (Cf. glow)).
{{12}}gloss (n.2) "word inserted as an explanation," 1540s (earlier gloze, c.1300), from L. glossa "obsolete or foreign word," one that requires explanation; hence also "explanation, note," from Gk. glossa (Ionic), glotta (Attic) "obscure word, language," also "mouthpiece," lit. "tongue," from PIE *glogh- "thorn, point, that which is projected" (Cf. O.C.S. glogu "thorn"). Figurative use from 1540s. Both glossology (1716) and glottology (1841) have been used in the sense "science of language."
{{12}}gloss (v.) 1570s as "insert a word as an explanation," from GLOSS (Cf. gloss) (n.2). From 1650s as "to add luster," from GLOSS (Cf. gloss) (n.1). Figurative sense of "smooth over, hide" is from 1729, mostly from GLOSS (Cf. gloss) (n.1) but showing influence of GLOSS (Cf. gloss) (n.2) in the extended verbal sense of "explain away" (1630s), from idea of a note inserted in the margin of a text to explain a difficult word. Related: Glossed; glossing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • gloss- — gloss(o) , glosse ♦ Éléments, du gr. glôssa « langue ». glosse, gloss(o) éléments, du gr. glôssa, langue . ⇒GLOSS(O) , GLOSSO , GLOSS , (GLOSS , GLOSSO ), élém. formant Élém. formant issu du gr. (att. ) « langue », servant, av …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gloss — gloss·ist; gloss·less; gloss·me·ter; gloss·odyn·ia; gloss; iso·gloss; pan·gloss·ian; semi·gloss; iso·gloss·al; …   English syllables

  • Gloss — (gl[o^]s), n. [Cf. Icel. glossi a blaze, glys finery, MHG. glosen to glow, G. glosten to glimmer; perh. akin to E. glass.] 1. Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface; polish; as, the gloss of silk; cloth is calendered to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gloss — Primera aparición DC Comics Información Nombre original Xiang Po Afiliaciones actuales Guardianes Globales Gloss (Xiang Po), un personaje ficticio …   Wikipedia Español

  • gloss´i|ly — gloss|y «GLS ee, GLOS », adjective, gloss|i|er, gloss|i|est, noun, plural gloss|ies. –adj. 1. smooth and shiny; highly polished; lustrous: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • gloss|y — «GLS ee, GLOS », adjective, gloss|i|er, gloss|i|est, noun, plural gloss|ies. –adj. 1. smooth and shiny; highly polished; lustrous: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • gloss — [n1] shine, sheen appearance, brightness, brilliance, burnish, facade, finish, front, glaze, gleam, glint, glossiness, luster, polish, shimmer, silkiness, sleekness, slickness, surface, varnish, veneer; concepts 611,620 Ant. dullness gloss [n2]… …   New thesaurus

  • gloss — Ⅰ. gloss [1] ► NOUN 1) the shine on a smooth surface. 2) (also gloss paint) a type of paint which dries to a bright shiny surface. 3) a superficially attractive appearance or impression. ► VERB 1) give a glossy appearance to …   English terms dictionary

  • Gloss — Gloss, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Glossed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Glossing}.] To give a superficial luster or gloss to; to make smooth and shining; as, to gloss cloth. [1913 Webster] The glossed and gleamy wave. J. R. Drake. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gloss# — gloss n sheen, *luster, glaze Analogous words: sleekness, slickness, glossiness (see corresponding adjectives at SLEEK) gloss vb gloze, *palliate, extenuate, whitewash, whiten Analogous words: *disguise, cloak, mask, dissemble, camouflage:… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Gloss — Gloss, n. [OE. glose, F. glose, L. glossa a difficult word needing explanation, fr. Gr. ? tongue, language, word needing explanation. Cf. {Gloze}, {Glossary}, {Glottis}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A foreign, archaic, technical, or other uncommon word… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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