genocide

genocide 1944, apparently coined by Polish-born U.S. jurist Raphael Lemkin (1900-1959) in his work "Axis Rule in Occupied Europe" [p.19], in reference to Nazi extermination of Jews, lit. "killing a tribe," from Gk. genos "race, kind" (see GENUS (Cf. genus)) + -CIDE (Cf. -cide). The proper formation would be *genticide.
Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aimed at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. [Lemkin]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genocide — Génocide Un génocide est l extermination physique, intentionnelle, systématique et programmée d un groupe ou d une partie d un groupe en raison de ses origines ethniques, religieuses ou sociales[1]. Sommaire 1 Étymologie 2 Définition …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GÉNOCIDE — Inventée par le professeur américain d’origine polonaise R. Lemkin qui, pour ce faire, n’a tenu aucun compte des règles élémentaires de l’étymologie, l’expression gréco latine de «génocide» cherche à introduire pour les groupes entiers d’humains… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Genocide —    Genocide literally means the murder of an entire race. Raphael Lemkin coined the term in reference to the Ottoman Turkish massacres of the Armenians during World War I.    Following the Nazi atrocities against the Jews in World War II, the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • genocide — geno·cide / je nə ˌsīd/ n: acts committed with intent to partially or wholly destroy a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; also: the crime of committing such an act Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. genocide …   Law dictionary

  • genocide — gen o*cide n. The systematic killing of a racial or cultural group; as, the Nazi genocide of Jews left few in Germany or Poland after World War II. Syn: race murder, racial extermination. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • genocide — [n] mass extermination annihilation, carnage, decimation, ethnic cleansing, holocaust, massacre, mass execution, mass murder, race extermination, slaughter; concept 252 …   New thesaurus

  • genocide — ► NOUN ▪ the deliberate killing of a very large number of people from a particular ethnic group or nation. DERIVATIVES genocidal adjective. ORIGIN from Greek genos race + CIDE(Cf. ↑ cide) …   English terms dictionary

  • genocide — [jen′ə sīd΄] n. [< Gr genos, race, kind (see GENUS) + CIDE: first applied to the attempted extermination of the Jews by Nazi Germany] the systematic killing of, or a program of action intended to destroy, a whole national or ethnic group… …   English World dictionary

  • Genocide — This article is about the crime. For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). Buchenwald concentration camp was technically not an extermination camp, though it was a site of an extraordinary number of deaths …   Wikipedia

  • Génocide — Un génocide est l extermination physique, intentionnelle, systématique et programmée d un groupe ou d une partie d un groupe en raison de ses origines ethniques, religieuses ou sociales[1]. Sommaire 1 Histoire et étymologie 2 Définition …   Wikipédia en Français

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