Gramophone


Gramophone
Gramophone 1887, trademark by German-born U.S. inventor Emil Berliner (1851-1929), an inversion of phonogram (1884) "the tracing made by a phonograph needle," coined from Gk. phone "voice, sound" (see FAME (Cf. fame)) + gramma "something written" (see GRAMMAR (Cf. grammar)). Berliner's machine used a flat disc and succeeded with the public. Edison's phonograph used a cylinder and did not. Despised by linguistic purists (Weekley calls gramophone "An atrocity formed by reversing phonogram") who tried to at least amend it to grammophone, it was replaced by record player after mid-1950s.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • gramophone — [ gramɔfɔn ] n. m. • 1901; angl. grammophone (1887); n. déposé; p. ê. par inversion de phonogramme ♦ Anciennt Phonographe à disques. « de nouveaux disques pour mon gramophone » (Maurois). ● gramophone nom masculin (anglais gramophone) Ancien… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gramophone — might refer to:* The British English term for U.S. English phonograph , the first device for recording and replaying sound. The two names were originally those used by rival manufacturers * Gramophone record, a disc shaped analogue sound… …   Wikipedia

  • Gramophone — ist eine britische Zeitschrift für klassische Musik aus dem Hause Haymarket, angesiedelt in London. Sie wurde 1923 von Compton Mackenzie gegründet. Früher nannte sie sich The world s best classical music magazine , jetzt ist man auf den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gramophone — (граммофон)  английский ежемесячный журнал о классической музыке. Основан в 1923 г. писателем Комптоном Маккензи и Кристофером Стоуном (впоследствии известным радиоведущим). Считается одним из наиболее влиятельных изданий этого рода в… …   Википедия

  • Gramophone — Gram o*phone, n. [Gr. ? a thing drawn or written (fr. ? write) + phone, as in telephone. Originally a trademark.] An instrument for recording, preserving, and reproducing sounds, the record being a tracing of a phonautograph etched in some solid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gramophone — ► NOUN dated, chiefly Brit. ▪ a record player. ORIGIN formed by inversion of elements of phonogram «sound recording» …   English terms dictionary

  • gramophone — ☆ gramophone [gram′ə fōn΄ ] n. [so named (1887) by E. Berliner, U.S. inventor, by arbitrary inversion of PHONOGRAM] now chiefly Brit. var. of PHONOGRAPH …   English World dictionary

  • Gramophone — Un gramophone est un appareil ancien permettant de jouer un morceau de musique enregistré sur un disque phonographique. Il a été breveté par Émile Berliner. Ce nom, qui est à l origine une marque déposée, est parfois utilisé abusivement pour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gramophone — [[t]græ̱məfoʊn[/t]] gramophones N COUNT A gramophone is an old fashioned type of record player. [mainly BRIT] ...a wind up gramophone with a big horn. ...gramophone records. Syn: record player (in AM, usually use phonograph) …   English dictionary

  • gramophone — UK [ˈɡræməˌfəʊn] / US [ˈɡræməˌfoʊn] noun [countable] Word forms gramophone : singular gramophone plural gramophones old fashioned a record player …   English dictionary


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