German

German (2) "Teuton, member of the Germanic tribes," 1520s (plural Germayns attested from late 14c.), from L. Germanus, first attested in writings of Julius Caesar, who used Germani to designate a group of tribes in northeastern Gaul, origin unknown, probably the name of an individual tribe. It is perhaps of Gaulish (Celtic) origin, perhaps originally meaning "noisy" (Cf. O.Ir. garim "to shout") or "neighbor" (Cf. O.Ir. gair "neighbor"). The earlier English word was Almain (early 14c.) or Dutch.
Þe empere passede from þe Grees to þe Frenschemen and to þe Germans, þat beeþ Almayns. [John of Trevisa, translation of Higdon's Polychronicon, 1387]
Their name for themselves was the root word of modern Ger. Deutsch (see DUTCH (Cf. Dutch)). Roman writers also used Teutoni as a German tribal name, and Latin writers after about 875 commonly refer to the German language as teutonicus. See also ALEMANNI (Cf. Alemanni) and TEUTONIC (Cf. Teutonic). As an adjective, from 1550s. The German shepherd (dog) (1922) translates Ger. deutscher Schäferhund. German Ocean as an old name for the North Sea translates Ptolemy. German measles attested by 1856.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • German — Ger man, a. [L. Germanus. See {German}, n.] Of or pertaining to Germany. [1913 Webster] {German Baptists}. See {Dunker}. {German bit}, a wood boring tool, having a long elliptical pod and a scew point. {German carp} (Zo[ o]l.), the crucian carp.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • German — Ger man, n.; pl. {Germans}[L. Germanus, prob. of Celtis origin.] 1. A native or one of the people of Germany. [1913 Webster] 2. The German language. [1913 Webster] 3. (a) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding in capriciosly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • German — Ger man, a. [OE. german, germain, F. germain, fr. L. germanus full, own (said of brothers and sisters who have the same parents); akin to germen germ. Cf. {Germ}, {Germane}.] Nearly related; closely akin. [1913 Webster] Wert thou a leopard, thou… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • German — NOTOC German(s) may refer to: * Germany, a country in west central Europe * Germans, the ethnic group sharing a common German culture, speaking the German language as a mother tongue and being of German descent * The German language * Germanic or …   Wikipedia

  • German — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin Germanus, from Latin Date: 14th century 1. a member of any of the Germanic peoples inhabiting western Europe in Roman times 2. a. a native or inhabitant of Germany b. a person of German… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • german — I. adjective Etymology: Middle English germain, from Anglo French, from Latin germanus having the same parents, from germen Date: 14th century having the same parents or the same grandparents on either the maternal or paternal side usually used… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • German language — German Deutsch Pronunciation [ˈdɔʏtʃ] Spoken in Primarily in German speaking Europe, as a minority language and amongst the German diaspora worldwide …   Wikipedia

  • German Shepherd Dog — Other names Alsatian Berger Allemand Deutscher Schäferhund GSD Schäferhund Country of origin Germany Traits …   Wikipedia

  • German American — German Americans Deutschamerikaner …   Wikipedia

  • German Brazilian — Germano Brasileiro  · Deutschbrasilianer …   Wikipedia

  • German language literature — German literature comprises those literary texts written in the German language.This includes literature written in Germany itself as well as German language Swiss and Austrian literature, and to a lesser extent works of the German… …   Wikipedia

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