{{11}}-ose (1) suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, with the meaning "full of, abounding in, having qualities of," from L. -osus (Cf. -OUS (Cf. -ous)).
{{12}}-ose (2) standard ending in chemical names of sugars, but the ending, which was taken up by French chemists mid-19c. (perhaps first in GLUCOSE (Cf. glucose)) has no etymological connection with sugar.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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