enemy

enemy early 13c., from O.Fr. enemi (12c.), earlier inimi (9c.) "enemy, adversary, foe, demon, the Devil," from L. inimicus "hostile, unfriendly; an enemy" (Cf. It. nemico, Cat. enamic, Sp. enemigo, Port. inimigo), from in- "not" (see IN- (Cf. in-) (1)) + amicus "friend" related to amare "to love" (see AMY (Cf. Amy)). Most words for "personal enemy" cover also "enemy in war," but certain languages have special terms for the latter, e.g. Gk. polemioi (distinct from ekhthroi), L. hostis, originally "stranger" (distinct from inimicus), Rus. neprijatel' (distinct from vrag). Rus. vrag (O.C.S. vragu) is cognate with Lith. vargas "misery" (see URGE (Cf. urge)), and probably is related to P.Gmc. *wargoz, source of O.N. vargr "outlaw," hence "wolf;" Icel. vargur "fox," O.E. wearg "criminal, felon;" which likely were the inspirations for J.R.R. Tolkien's warg "a kind of large ferocious wolf" in "The Hobbit" (1937) and "Lord of the Rings." Related: Enemies.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Enemy — or enemies may refer to:In television:* Enemies ( Buffy episode), a Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode * Enemies ( Stargate SG 1 ), the Season 5 premiere episode of the science fiction television series Stargate SG 1 * Enemies (The West Wing ), the …   Wikipedia

  • enemy — enemy, foe denote an individual or body of individuals that is hostile or that manifests hostility to another. Enemy usually stresses antagonism that arises from a cherished hatred or a desire to harm or destroy, but it may suggest nothing much… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Enemy — En e*my, n.; pl. {Enemies}. [OF. enemi, F. ennemi, from L. inimicus; in (negative) + amicus friend. See {Amicable}.] One hostile to another; one who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of, another; a foe; an adversary; as, an enemy of or to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Enemy — Tempest of Violence Entwickler Anachronia Designer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enemy — (Enemy Mine) est un film américain réalisé par Wolfgang Petersen, sorti en 1985. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • enemy — ► NOUN (pl. enemies) 1) a person who is actively opposed or hostile to someone or something. 2) (the enemy) (treated as sing. or pl. ) a hostile nation or its armed forces in time of war. 3) a thing that damages or opposes something: routine is… …   English terms dictionary

  • enemy — [en′ə mē] n. pl. enemies [ME & OFr enemi < L inimicus, unfriendly, enemy < in , not + amicus, friend: see AMIABLE] 1. a person who hates another, and wishes or tries to injure him; foe 2. a) a nation or force hostile to another; military or …   English World dictionary

  • Enemy — En e*my, a. Hostile; inimical. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] They . . . every day grow more enemy to God. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • enemy — index adversary, foe, rival Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 enemy …   Law dictionary

  • Enemy — Mine    Film de science fiction de Wolfgang Petersen, d après la nouvelle de Barry Longyear, avec Dennis Quaid, Louis Gosset.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1985   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 1 h 48    Résumé    Sur la planète Dracon, un… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

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