diet

{{11}}diet (1) "regular food," early 13c., from O.Fr. diete (13c.) "diet, pittance, fare," from M.L. dieta "parliamentary assembly," also "a day's work, diet, daily food allowance," from L. diaeta "prescribed way of life," from Gk. diaita, originally "way of life, regimen, dwelling," related to diaitasthai "lead one's life," and from diaitan, originally "separate, select" (food and drink), frequentative of *diainysthai "take apart," from dia- "apart" + ainysthai "take," from PIE root *ai- "to give, allot." Often with a sense of restriction since 14c.; hence put (someone) on a diet (mid-15c.). The verb is late 14c., from O.Fr. dieter; meaning "to regulate oneself as to food" (especially against fatness) is from 1650s. An obsolete word for this is BANTING (Cf. banting). The adj. in this sense (Diet Coke, etc.) is from 1963, originally Amer.Eng.
{{12}}diet (2) "assembly," mid-15c., from M.L. dieta, variant of diaeta "daily office (of the Church), daily duty, assembly, meeting of counselors," from Gk. diaita (see DIET (Cf. diet) (1)), but associated with L. dies "day" (see DIURNAL (Cf. diurnal)).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Diet — Diet, in relation to food, might mean: Diet (nutrition), the sum of the food consumed by an organism or group Dieting, the deliberate selection of food to control body weight or nutrient intake Diet food, foods that aid in dieting Cuisine, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Diet — Di et, n. [F. di[ e]te, LL. dieta, diaeta, an assembly, a day s journey; the same word as diet course of living, but with the sense changed by L. dies day: cf. G. tag day, and {Reichstag}.] A legislative or administrative assembly in Germany,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diet to go — Type Privately held company Industry Health, Nutrition Founded 1991 Headquarters Lorton, VA, United States Key people Hilton Davis, Founder/CEO …   Wikipedia

  • Diet — Di et, n. [F. di[ e]te, L. diaeta, fr. Gr. ? manner of living.] 1. Course of living or nourishment; what is eaten and drunk habitually; food; victuals; fare. No inconvenient diet. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. A course of food selected with reference …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diet — Di et, v. i. 1. To eat; to take one s meals. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Let him . . . diet in such places, where there is good company of the nation, where he traveleth. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. To eat according to prescribed rules; to ear sparingly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diet — [n1] abstinence from food dietary, fast, nutritional therapy, regime, regimen, restriction, starvation, weight reduction plan; concept 660 Ant. indulgence diet [n2] daily intake of food aliment, bite, comestibles, commons, daily bread, edibles,… …   New thesaurus

  • diet — Ⅰ. diet [1] ► NOUN 1) the kinds of food that a person, animal, or community habitually eats. 2) a restricted regime of eating, followed in order to lose weight or for medical reasons. 3) (before another noun ) (of food or drink) with reduced fat… …   English terms dictionary

  • diet — diet1 [dī′ət] n. [ME diete < OFr < ML dieta, diet, daily food allowance (meaning infl. by DIET2) < L diaeta < Gr diaita, way of life, regimen < dia , through + root of aisa, fate < IE * aito , share < base * ai , to give,… …   English World dictionary

  • Diet — Di et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dieted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dieting}.] 1. To cause to take food; to feed. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to eat and drink sparingly, or by prescribed rules; to regulate medicinally the food of. [1913 Webster] She… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diet — index session Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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