creole

creole (n.) c.1600, from Fr. créole (17c.), from Sp. criollo "person native to a locality," from Port. crioulo, dim. of cria "person (especially a servant) raised in one's house," from criar "to raise or bring up," from L. creare "to produce, create" (see CREATE (Cf. create)). The exact sense varies with local use. Originally with no connotation of color or race; Fowler (1926) writes: "Creole does not imply mixture of race, but denotes a person either of European or (now rarely) of negro descent born and naturalized in certain West Indian and American countries." In U.S. use, applied to descendants of French and Spanish settlers in Louisiana from at least 1792. Of languages, from 1879. As an adj., from 1748.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • créole — [ kreɔl ] n. et adj. • 1670; altér. de criolle, criollo, a 1643; esp. criollo, du port. crioulo « serviteur nourri dans la maison », de criar « nourrir » 1 ♦ Personne de race blanche, née dans les colonies intertropicales, notamment les Antilles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Creole — may refer to: Languages A Creole language is a stable, full fledged language that originated from a pidgin or combination of other languages. Creole languages subgroups may include: Arabic based creole languages Dutch based creole languages… …   Wikipedia

  • Creole — Créole Pour les articles homonymes, voir Créole (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Creole — steht für: Kreole (Schmuck), eine bestimmte Art von Ohrringen Creole (Louisiana), eine Stadt in Louisiana, USA Kreolen, bestimmte Bevölkerungsgruppen in Nord und Südamerika Creole (Festival), ein deutscher Musikpreis für Weltmusik Creole… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Creole — Cre ole (kr? ?l), n. [F. cr?ole, Sp. criollo, from an American negro word, perh. a corruption of a Sp. criadillo, dim. of criado servant, formerly also, child, fr. L. creatus, p. p. of creare to create. Cf. {Create}.] One born of European parents …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Creole — Cre ole (kr? ?l), a. Of or pertaining to a Creole or the Creoles. [1913 Webster] Note: In New Orleans the word Creole is applied to any product, or variety of manufacture, peculiar to Louisiana; as, Creole ponies, chickens, cows, shoes, eggs,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • creole — A creole is a language formed from the contact of a European language (especially English, French, or Portuguese) with another (especially African) language. Unlike a pidgin, which is an improvised language used mainly by traders who do not have… …   Modern English usage

  • Creole — [krē′ōl΄] n. [Fr créole < Sp criollo < Port crioulo, native to the region, born at home < criar, to rear, nourish < L creare,CREATE] 1. a person of European parentage born in the West Indies, Central America, tropical South America,… …   English World dictionary

  • créole — CRÉOLE. sub. masc. et fém. Nom qu on donne à un Européen d origine qui est né en Amérique. Un créole, une créole …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Creole — (vom span. Criollo, erzeugt), in den Colonien geborne Einwohner europäischen, unvermischten Stammes; in Nordamerika die in den Colonien geborenen Neger; in Russischamerika die von Europäern und Einheimischen erzeugten Blendlinge …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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