Dachau town in Bavaria, Germany, from O.H.G. daha "clay" + ouwa "island," describing its situation on high ground by the Amper River. Infamous as the site of a Nazi concentration camp nearby, opened in 1933 as a detention site for political prisoners and surrendered to the U.S. Army April 29, 1945. Not a death camp per se, but as it was one of the places where inmates from other camps were sent as the Reich collapsed at the end of the war, and as it was one of the few large camps overrun by the British or American forces, it has come to symbolize Nazi atrocities in many minds in the West. "Arbeit Macht Frei" was spelled out in metal on the gate (as it was on other concentration camps, e.g. Gross-Rosen, Sachsenhausen, Theresienstadt).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • DACHAU — DACHAU, town near Munich, Bavaria, where the nearby concentration camp was established on March 10, 1933. It was the first of the ss organized concentration camps and became the model and training ground for all other camps when they were taken… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dachau —    Dachau was the first of the Nazi concentration camps and was located about 10 miles from Munich. The camp, which had the capacity to hold 5,000 prisoners, was opened on 20 March 1933. In June 1933 Theodor Eicke was appointed camp commandant… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Dachau — Dachau, 1) Landgericht im baierischen Kreise Oberbaiern; 9 QM., 18,900 Ew.; von der Amper (Ammer), Glan u. Maisach durchflossen; darin das Dachauer Moos (Amper Moos), zwischen der Amper u. Isar, eine mit Sumpf u. Riedgras bewachsene Ebene, 5… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dachau — Dachau, Flecken und Bezirksamtshauptort im bayr. Regbez. Oberbayern, auf einer Anhöhe an der Amper und an der Staatsbahnlinie München Ingolstadt Hof, 505 m ü. M., hat 2 kath. Kirchen, ein hochgelegenes Schloß, ein Denkmal des Kurfürsten Karl… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dachau — Dachau, Marktflecken und Bezirksort im bayr. Reg. Bez. Oberbayern, an der Amper, (1900) 5055 E., Amtsgericht, königl. Schloß, Papierfabriken; dabei das Dachauer Moos, Sumpfebene, 140 qkm, jetzt vielfach bebaut …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dachau — Dachau, bayer. Stadt an der Ammer, unweit München, mit 1400 E., Brauereien und Brennereien, Getreide und Holzhandel; Schloß. Das D.er Moos ist eine 5 M. lange, 1 M. breite Ebene nach der Isar hin, sumpfig, zum Theil mit Schilf u. Riedgras… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Dachau — v. d Allemagne (Bavière); 32 870 hab. Un camp de concentration nazi y fut implanté de 1933 à 1945 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dachau — (izg. dàhau) m DEFINICIJA grad u Gornjoj Bavarskoj, Njemačka, 36.000 stan.; od 1933. u njegovoj blizini istoimeni, prvi nacistički koncentracioni logor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Dachau — [dä′khou] city in S Germany, near Munich, in the state of Bavaria: pop. 34,000: site (1933 45) of a Nazi concentration camp & extermination center …   English World dictionary

  • Dachau — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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