common


common
{{11}} c.1300, "belonging to all, general," from O.Fr. comun "common, general, free, open, public" (9c., Mod.Fr. commun), from L. communis "in common, public, general, not pretentious, shared by all or many," from PIE *ko-moin-i- "held in common," compound adjective formed from *ko- "together" + *moi-n-, suffixed form of root *mei- "change, exchange" (see MUTABLE (Cf. mutable)), hence lit. "shared by all." Second element of the compound also is the source of L. munia "duties, public duties, functions," those related to munia "office." Perhaps reinforced in Old French by Frankish descendant of P.Gmc. *gamainiz (Cf. O.E. gemæne "common, public, general, universal"), from the Germanic form of PIE *ko-moin-i- (see MEAN (Cf. mean) (adj.)). Used disparagingly of women and criminals since c.1300. Common pleas is 13c., from Anglo-Fr. communs plets, hearing civil actions by one subject against another as opposed to pleas of the crown. Common prayer is contrasted with private prayer. Common stock is attested from 1888.
{{12}}common (n.) late 15c., "land held in common," from COMMON (Cf. common). Commons "the third estate of the English people as represented in Parliament," is from late 14c. Latin communis also served as a noun meaning "common property, state, commonwealth."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • common — com·mon 1 adj 1 a: of or relating to a community at large: public common defense b: known to the community a common thief 2: belonging to or shared by two or more persons or things or by all members of a group …   Law dictionary

  • Common — Com mon, a. [Compar. {Commoner}; superl. {Commonest}.] [OE. commun, comon, OF. comun, F. commun, fr. L. communis; com + munis ready to be of service; cf. Skr. mi to make fast, set up, build, Goth. gamains common, G. gemein, and E. mean low,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Common — in einer Ausgabe von Men s Health (2006) Common (* 13. März 1972 in Chicago, Illinois; bürgerlicher Name Lonnie Rashid Lynn) ist ein US amerikanischer Rapper und Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Common — Datos generales Nombre real Lonnie Rashid Lynn, Jr. Nacimi …   Wikipedia Español

  • common — [käm′ən] adj. [ME commun < OFr comun < L communis (OL comoinis), shared by all or many < IE * kom moini , common (< * kom,COM + * moini , achievement < base * mei , to exchange, barter) > OE gemæne, public, general, Ger gemein:… …   English World dictionary

  • common — adj 1 *universal, general, generic Analogous words: shared, partaken, participated (see SHARE vb): joined or joint, united, conjoined, connected, associated (see corresponding verbs at JOIN): merged, blended, amalgamated (see MIX) Antonyms:… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Common — Com mon, n. 1. The people; the community. [Obs.] The weal o the common. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. An inclosed or uninclosed tract of ground for pleasure, for pasturage, etc., the use of which belongs to the public; or to a number of persons. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • common — ► ADJECTIVE (commoner, commonest) 1) occurring, found, or done often; not rare. 2) without special qualities, rank, or position; ordinary. 3) of the most familiar type. 4) showing a lack of taste and refinement supposedly typical of the lower… …   English terms dictionary

  • common — [adj1] average, ordinary accepted, banal, bourgeois, casual, characteristic, colloquial, comformable, commonplace, conventional, current, customary, daily, everyday, familiar, frequent, general, habitual, hackneyed, homely, humdrum, informal,… …   New thesaurus

  • Common — Com mon, v. i. 1. To converse together; to discourse; to confer. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Embassadors were sent upon both parts, and divers means of entreaty were commoned of. Grafton. [1913 Webster] 2. To participate. [Obs.] Sir T. More. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • common — see mutual …   Modern English usage


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