church
church O.E. cirice "church, public place of worship, Christians collectively," from W.Gmc. *kirika (Cf. O.S. kirika, O.N. kirkja, O.Fris. zerke, M.Du. kerke, O.H.G. kirihha, Ger. Kirche), from Gk. kyriake (oikia), kyriakon doma "Lord's (house)," from kyrios "ruler, lord," from PIE root *keue- "to swell" ("swollen," hence "strong, powerful"). Phonetic spelling from c.1200, established by 16c. For vowel evolution, see BURY (Cf. bury).
Gk. kyriakon (adj.) "of the Lord" was used of houses of Christian worship since c.300, especially in the East, though it was less common in this sense than ekklesia or basilike. An example of the direct Greek-to-Germanic progress of many Christian words, via the Goths; it was probably used by West Germanic people in their pre-Christian period. Also picked up by Slavic, via Germanic (Cf. O.Slav. criky, Rus. cerkov). Romance and Celtic languages use variants of L. ecclesia. French église (11c.) is from L. ecclesia. Church key is early 14c.; slang use for "can or bottle opener" is by 1954, probably originally U.S. college student slang. Church-mouse, proverbial in many languages for its poverty, is 1731 in English.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Church — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert T. Church, Vize Admiral der US Navy Alonzo Church (1903–1995), US amerikanischer Mathematiker Arthur Herbert Church (1834–1915), britischer Autor, Maler und Chemiker Benjamin Church, General der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church — (ch[^u]rch), n. [OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha; all fr. Gr. kyriako n the Lord s house, fr. kyriako s concerning a master or lord …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Church — may refer to: Contents 1 Religion 2 People 3 Places 4 Popular music 5 Other uses …   Wikipedia

  • church — [ tʃɜrtʃ ] noun *** count or uncount a building that Christians go to in order to worship. Traditional churches usually contain an altar and long wooden seats facing the altar called pews. The place where the priest or MINISTER stands to talk to… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Church — (iglesia en inglés) puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 2 Toponimia 3 Música 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • church — W1S1 [tʃə:tʃ US tʃə:rtʃ] n [: Old English; Origin: cirice, from Late Greek kyriakon, from Greek kyriakos of the lord , from kyrios lord, master ] 1.) a building where Christians go to worship →↑cathedral ▪ a short church service ▪ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Church — Church, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Churched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Churching}.] To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • church — [chʉrch] n. [ME chirche, kirke < OE cirice (& ON kirkja < OE) < Gmc * kirika < LGr(Ec) * kyrikē < Gr kyriakē (oikia), Lord s (house) < kyriakos, belonging to the Lord < kyrios, ruler < kyros, supreme power < IE base *… …   English World dictionary

  • church — [n1] religious institution, building abbey, basilica, bethel, cathedral, chancel, chantry, chapel, fold, house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, Lord’s house, minster, mission, mosque, oratory, parish, sacellum, sanctuary, shrine,… …   New thesaurus

  • church — ► NOUN 1) a building used for public Christian worship. 2) (Church) a particular Christian organization with its own distinctive doctrines. 3) institutionalized religion as a political or social force. ORIGIN from Greek kuriakon d ma Lord s house …   English terms dictionary

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