charisma


charisma
charisma (n.) "gift of leadership, power of authority," c.1930, from German, used in this sense by Max Weber (1864-1920) in "Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft" (1922), from Gk. kharisma "favor, divine gift," from kharizesthai "to show favor to," from kharis "grace, beauty, kindness" (Charis was the name of one of the three attendants of Aphrodite) related to khairein "to rejoice at," from PIE root *gher- "to desire, like" (see HORTATORY (Cf. hortatory)). More mundane sense of "personal charm" recorded by 1959.
Earlier, the word had been used in English with a sense of "grace, talent from God" (1875), directly from Latinized Greek; and in the form charism (pl. charismata) it is attested in English from 1640s. Middle English, meanwhile, had karisme "spiritual gift, divine grace" (c.1500).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charisma — Charisma …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Charisma — Sn besondere Ausstrahlung erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus spl. charisma Geschenk, Gnadengabe , dieses aus ntl. gr. chárisma Geschenk, (göttliche) Gnadengabe , zu gr. charízesthai schenken , zu gr. cháris f. Gunst,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • charisma — 1. This is originally a Greek word meaning ‘gift of grace’. It acquired its current meaning ‘a gift or power of leadership or authority’ when the sociologist Max Weber used it in this way (in German) in 1922. It has been used widely in… …   Modern English usage

  • Charisma — Charisma: Das Fremdwort ist seit dem 18. Jh. belegt. Es stammt ab von griech. chárisma »Gnadengabe«, zum Verb charízesthai »gefällig sein, gerne geben«. Ins Dt. ist es über die Vermittlung von vlat. charisma »Geschenk« gelangt. Zunächst wurde es… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • charismă — charísmă s. f., g. d. art. charísmei Trimis de siveco, 04.12.2008. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CHARÍSMĂ s. f. v. carismă. Trimis de claudia, 17.06.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • charisma — [kar′iz΄əmkə riz′mə] n. pl. charismata [kə riz′mə tə] [Gr(Ec), gift of God s grace < Gr, favor, grace < charizesthai, to show favor to < charis, grace, beauty, kindness < chairein, to rejoice at < IE base * ĝher , to desire, like… …   English World dictionary

  • Charisma — (griech.), Gabe, Gnadengeschenk, Geistesgabe, ein paulinischer Begriff. Charismatische Organisation, Name für die ursprüngliche christliche Gesellschaftsverfassung, weil darin statt geordneter Ämter die individuelle Begabung Kultus und Verfassung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charisma — Charisma,das:⇨Ausstrahlung(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • charisma — [n] great personal charm allure, animal magnetism*, appeal, dazzle, drawing power, fascination, flash, glamour, it*, magnetism, pizzazz*, something*, star quality, witchcraft, witchery; concept 411 …   New thesaurus

  • charisma — ► NOUN 1) compelling attractiveness or charm. 2) (pl. charismata) Christian Theology a divinely conferred talent. ORIGIN Greek kharisma, from kharis favour, grace …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.